Messianic Apologetics

Addressing the Theological and Spiritual Issues of the Broad Messianic Movement

Messianic Theology

This one verse written by the Apostle Paul speaks of a new status for human beings that has been inaugurated via the sacrificial work of Yeshua, as God’s people are to be united as “one person” (NEB), actively accomplishing His tasks in the Earth. At times, we do find Galatians 3:28 quoted among those in our Messianic faith community, but its ramifications are not often fully considered or probed for their significant spiritual power. Current and severe developments in the Messianic movement in our day—with the future steadily looming—require that we take a fresh look at this verse, what its message of equality means for us, and things that we are certainly missing as we seek to be those who are useful in the Lord’s work. This single verse asks us many difficult questions about both Biblical equality and why the Messianic community seems to have less unity and more rivalry.

Torah observance is much more than just Shabbat, the festivals, and kosher. A great number of ethical and moral issues/commandments become significantly conscious to the Torah reader. Likewise, a person has to encounter a world going not only back some 3,300 years to the time of the Exodus, but multiplied millennia to the Creation of the cosmos itself. The questions and the controversies that the first five books of the Bible present to us, not just as students of God’s Word, but specifically as Messianic Believers—are quite significant. Many people do not know what to do when the social norms of the ancient period are different than those of today, and are often at a loss when reading the Torah. Not infrequently, such issues are just avoided or outright ignored in Messianic Torah study.

J.K. McKee of Messianic Apologetics responds to three categories of questions: Tanach (OT), Apostolic Scriptures (NT), and theology/Biblical Studies.

1. Is it true that references to “the angel of the Lord” in the Tanach (OT) are to YHWH?

2. I have heard that there are references in the Apostolic Scriptures (NT) to “the Jews” that are anti-Semitic?

3. What issues should we legitimately disagree with others about?

Messianic Judaism, as a first generation movement, is principally on the scene to see Jewish people presented with the good news of Israel’s Messiah, and not assimilated into Christianity. While many non-Jewish Believers have been led by the Lord into the Messianic movement, the independent Hebrew Roots movement is something that is broadly separate from Messianic Judaism. What are some of the main problems that today’s Messianic Judaism has with Hebrew Roots?

J.K. McKee of Messianic Apologetics goes through the six study questions for Unit Six in The Messianic Walk workbook:

1. What comes to your mind when you hear the word “theology”? How important is it going to be, in your Messianic experience, to have a more developed approach to various issues and subjects?

2. What specific areas of Messianic theology have you seen discussed or debated in a fellowship setting? Describe your experience. What do you think needs to be investigated or explored further?

3. What guidelines or methods have you followed, for studying the Bible in the past? How have these methods been useful? What are some immediate areas where you know you need to make improvement?

4. How have different Bible studies been conducted at your Messianic congregation or fellowship? Has the teacher been responsible with the text, or is it clear that various corners have been cut? Elaborate.

5. What do you think the next big phase of Messianic theological and spiritual development is likely to involve?

6. How do you think today’s Messianic Believers should truly learn to be Bereans, in their approach to studying Scripture or investigating various theological issues?

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