Messianic Apologetics

Addressing the Theological and Spiritual Issues of the Broad Messianic Movement

Theological Resources

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Here is a wide listing of theological resources that we recommend for anyone in today’s Messianic community building a thorough personal or congregational library. The materials listed below are broad and diverse: Jewish, Christian, conservative, liberal.

A listing here does not necessarily imply an endorsement of all of the ideas or views presented in each publication. They are listed here as a means of being important reference sources for Biblical Studies.


Afterlife Issues

Beasley-Murray, Paul. The Meaning of the Resurrection (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2000).

Cooper, John W. Body, Soul & Life Everlasting: Biblical Anthropology and the Monism-Dualism Debate (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989).

Crockett, William V., ed. Four Views on Hell (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996).

Hasker, William. Metaphysics: Constructing a World View (Downers Grove, IL: 1983).

Hasker, William. The Emergent Self (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1999).

Moreland, J.P., & Scott B. Rae. Body & Soul: Human Nature & the Crisis in Ethics (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2000).

Morey, Robert A. Death and the Afterlife (Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1984).

Morgan, Christopher W., and Robert A. Peterson, eds. Hell Under Fire: Modern Scholarship Reinvents Eternal Punishment (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004).

Motyer, J.A. After Death: What Happens When You Die? (Fearn, UK: Christian Focus Publications, 1996).

Peterson, Robert A. Hell on Trial: The Case for Eternal Punishment (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 1995).

Wright, N.T. The Resurrection of the Son of God (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003)

Wright, N.T. Surprised by Hope: Rethinking Heaven, the Resurrection, and the Mission of the Church (New York: HarperCollins, 2008).


Bible Versions & Study Bibles

Abegg, Jr., Martin, Peter Flint, and Eugene Ulrich, trans. The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible (New York: HarperCollins, 1999).

Alter, Robert, trans. The Five Books of Moses (New York and London: W.W. Norton, 2004).

Alter, Robert, trans. The Book of Psalms (New York and London: W.W. Norton, 2007).

Alter, Robert, trans. The Wisdom Books (New York and London: W.W. Norton, 2010).

Alter, Robert, trans. Ancient Israel—The Former Prophets (New York and London: W.W. Norton, 2015).

Alter, Robert, trans. Strong as Death is Love (New York and London: W.W. Norton, 2013).

American Standard Version (New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1901).

Barker, Kenneth L., ed., et. al. NIV Study Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002).

Beck, William F., trans. The Holy Bible: An American Translation (New Haven, MO: Leader Publishing Company, 1976).

Begg, Alistair, et. al. CSB Spurgeon Study Bible (Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers, 2017).

Berlin, Adele, and Marc Zvi Brettler, eds. The Jewish Study Bible (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Bratcher, Robert G., ed. Good News Bible: The Bible in Today’s English Version (New York: American Bible Society, 1976).

Brown II, A. Phillip, and Bryan W. Smith. A Reader’s Hebrew Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008).

Bullinger, E.W., ed. The Companion Bible, KJV (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1999).

Cabal, Ted, gen. ed. The Apologetics Study Bible, HCSB (Nashville: Holman, 2007).

Carson, D.A., gen. ed. NIV Zondervan Study Bible, 2011 NIV (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2015).

Coogan, Michael D., ed. et. al. The New Oxford Annotated Bible: Fully Revised Fourth Edition, NRSV (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Currid, John D., and David W. Chapman, eds. Archaeology Study Bible, ESV (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2017).

Dake, Finish Jennings. Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible, KJV (Lawrenceville, GA: Dake Bible Sales, 1991).

Dobson, Kent. NIV First-Century Study Bible: Explore Scripture in Its Jewish and Early Christian Context, 2011 NIV (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014).

Ecclesia Bible Society. The Voice Bible: Step into the Story of Scripture (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2012).

Fox, Everett, trans. The Five Books of Moses (New York: Schocken Books, 1995).

Fox, Everett, trans. The Early Prophets (New York: Schocken Books, 2014).

Friedman, Richard Elliot. Commentary on the Torah (New York: HarperCollins, 2001).

Garrett, Duane A., ed., et. al. NIV Archaeological Study Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005).

Goldingay, John., trans. The First Testament: A New Translation (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2018).

Goodrich, Richard J., and Albert L. Lukaszewski. A Reader’s Greek New Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007).

Green, Jay P., trans. The Interlinear Bible (Lafayette, IN: Sovereign Grace Publishers, 1986).

Green, Joel B., ed. The Wesley Study Bible (Nashville: Abingdon, 2009).

God’s Game Plan: The Athlete’s Bible 2007, HCSB (Nashville: Serendipity House Publishers, 2007).

Grudem, Wayne, ed. ESV Study Bible (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2008).

Harrelson, Walter J., ed., et. al. New Interpreter’s Study Bible, NRSV (Nashville: Abingdon, 2003).

Hart, David Bentley, trans. The New Testament: A Translation (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2017).

Holman Christian Standard Bible (Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2004).

Holy Bible, King James Version (edited 1789).

Holy Bible, New International Version (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978, 1984, 2011).

Jones, Alexander, gen. ed. The Jerusalem Bible (New York: Doubleday, 2000).

Keener, Craig S., and John H. Walton, eds. NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2016).

Keter Crown Bible Chorev (Jerusalem: Chorev Publishing House, 2006).

Kohlenberger III, John R., ed. The NIV Integrated Study Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2013).

LaHaye, Tim, ed. Tim LaHaye Prophecy Study Bible, KJV (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 2000).

Lattimore, Richmond, trans. The New Testament (New York: North Point Press, 1996).

Levine, Amy-Jill, and Marc Zvi Brettler, eds. The Jewish Annotated New Testament, NRSV (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Literal Standard Version of the Holy Bible (Covenant Christian Coalition, 2020).

MacArthur, John, gen. ed. The MacArthur Study Bible, 2nd Edition, NASB (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2020).

May, Herbert G., and Bruce M. Metzger, eds. The New Oxford Annotated Bible With the Apocrypha, RSV (New York: Oxford University Press, 1977).

Meeks, Wayne A., ed., et. al. The HarperCollins Study Bible, NRSV (New York: HarperCollins, 1993).

Messianic Jewish Shared Heritage Bible, JPS/TLV (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 2012).

Messianic Jewish Family Bible—Tree of Life Version (Snellville, GA: Messianic Jewish Family Bible Society, 2014).

Moffatt, James A.R., trans. The Bible: James Moffatt Translation (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1994).

Montgomery, Helen Barrett, trans. Montgomery New Testament (Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers, 1988).

Morris, Henry M., ed., et. al. The Henry Morris Study Bible, KJV (Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2016).

Newman, Barclay M., ed. Holy Bible: Contemporary English Version (New York: American Bible Society, 1995).

New American Standard Bible (La Habra, CA: Foundation Press Publications, 1971).

New American Standard, Updated Edition (Anaheim, CA: Foundation Publications, 1995).

New English Bible (Oxford and Cambridge: Oxford and Cambridge University Presses, 1970).

New King James Version (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982).

New Revised Standard Version (National Council of Churches of Christ, 1989).

Packer, J.I., ed. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2001).

Penner, Ken M., gen. ed. The Lexham English Septuagint (Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2019).

Peterson, Eugene H. The Message: The Bible in Contemporary Language (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 2002).

Phillips, J.B., trans. The New Testament in Modern English (New York: Touchstone, 1972).

Pietersma, Albert, and Benjamin G. Wright, eds. A New English Translation of the Septuagint (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Rubin, Barry, gen. ed. The Complete Jewish Study Bible (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2016).

Ryrie, Charles C., ed. The Ryrie Study Bible, NASB (Chicago: Moody Press, 1978).

Scharfstein, Sol. The Five Books of Moses, an Easy-to-Read Translation (Jersey City, NJ: KTAV Publishing House, 2005).

Scharfstein, Sol. The Book of Haftarot, an Easy-to-Read Translation (Jersey City, NJ: KTAV Publishing House, 2006).

Scherman, Nosson, and Meir Zlotowitz, eds. ArtScroll Tanach (Brooklyn: Mesorah Publications, 1996).

Scofield, C.I., ed. The Scofield Study Bible, KJV (New York: Oxford University Press, 1945).

Self-Pronouncing Edition: The Holy Bible, KJV (Cleveland and New York: The World Publishing Company, n.d.).

Siewert, Frances E., ed. The Amplified Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1965).

Smith, J.M. Powis, and Edgar J. Goodspeed, trans. The Complete Bible: An American Translation (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1948).

Suggs, M. Jack, and Katharine Doob Sakenfeld, and James R. Mueller, et. al. The Oxford Study Bible, REB (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Stamps, Donald C., ed., et. al. Fire Bible: Modern English Version (Springfield, MO: Life Publishers International, 2015).

St. Athanasius Academy of Orthodox Theology. The Orthodox Study Bible (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2008).

Stern, David H., trans. Complete Jewish Bible (Clarksville, MD: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1998).

Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1999).

The Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version (Nashville: Cokesbury, 1952).

The Jerusalem Bible (Jerusalem: Koren Publishers, 2000).

The NET Bible, New English Translation (Dallas: Biblical Studies Press, 2005).

NET Thinline Bible (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2017).

Today’s New International Version (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005).

Tree of Life Messianic Family Bible—New Covenant (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 2011).

Wansbrough, Henry. The New Jerusalem Bible (New York: Doubleday, 1999).

Weisz, Tuly, ed. The Israel Bible (Jerusalem: Menorah Books, 2018).

Williams, Charles B., trans. The New Testament: A Private Translation in the Language of the People (Chicago: Moody Publishers, 1937).

Wright, N.T. The Kingdom New Testament: A Contemporary Translation (New York: HarperCollins, 2011).

Young, Robert, trans. Young’s Literal Translation.

Zodhiates, Spiros, ed. Hebrew-Greek Key Study Bible, NASB (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 1994).


Christian Reference Sources

Alexander, T. Desmond, and David W. Baker, eds. Dictionary of the Old Testament Pentateuch (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2003).

Arnold, Bill T., and H.G.M. Williamson, eds. Dictionary of the Old Testament Historical Books (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2005).

Bercot, David W., ed. A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1998).

Bettenson, Henry, and Chris Maunder, eds. Documents of the Christian Church (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Boda, Mark J., and J. Gordon McConville, eds. Dictionary of the Old Testament Prophets (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2012).

Bromiley, Geoffrey, ed. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 4 vols. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988).

Buttrick, George, ed. et. al. The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, 4 vols. (Nashville: Abingdon, 1962).

Cairns, Alan. Dictionary of Theological Terms (Greenville, SC: Ambassador Emerald International, 2002).

Copan, Paul, Tremper Longman III, Christopher L. Reese, Michael Strauss, eds. Dictionary of Christianity and Science (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2017).

Crim, Keith, ed. Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible: Supplementary Volume (Nashville: Abingdon, 1976).

Elwell, Walter A. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2001).

Evans, Craig A., and Stanley E. Porter, eds. Dictionary of New Testament Background (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2000).

Evans, C. Stephen. Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2002).

Feldmeth, Nathan P. Pocket Dictionary of Church History (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2008).

Freedman, David Noel, ed. Anchor Bible Dictionary, 6 vols. (New York: Doubleday, 1992).

Freedman, David Noel, ed. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000).

Geisler, Norman L., ed. Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999).

Green, Joel B., Scot McKnight, and I. Howard Marshall, eds. Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1992).

Green, Joel B., ed. et. al. Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2011).

Grenz, Stanley J., David Guretzki, and Cherith Fee Nordling. Pocket Dictionary of Theological Terms (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1999).

Grenz, Stanley J., Jay T. Smith. Pocket Dictionary of Ethics (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2003).

Harrison, Everett F., ed. Baker’s Dictionary of Theology (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1960).

Hawthorne, Gerald F., Ralph P. Martin, and Daniel G. Reid, eds. Dictionary of Paul and His Letters (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1993).

Holmes, Michael W., ed. and trans. The Apostolic Fathers: Greek Texts and English Translations, third edition (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2007).

Kapic, Kelly M., & Wesley Vander Lugt. Pocket Dictionary of the Reformed Tradition (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2013).

Longman III, Tremper, and Peter Enns, eds. Dictionary of the Old Testament Wisdom, Poetry & Writings (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2008).

Martin, Ralph P., and Peter H. Davids, eds. Dictionary of the Later New Testament & its Developments (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1997).

McKim, Donald S. Westminster Dictionary of Theological Terms (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1996).

McLay, R. Timothy. The Use of the Septuagint in New Testament Research (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003).

Patzia, Arthur G., and Anthony J. Petrotta. Pocket Dictionary of Biblical Studies (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2002).

Provance, Brett Scott. Pocket Dictionary of Liturgy & Worship (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2009).

Schaff, Philip. History of the Christian Church, 8 vols. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995).

Tenney, Merrill C., ed. The New International Dictionary of the Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1987).


Creation / Evolution / Early Genesis

Applegate, Kathryn, and J.B. Stump, eds. How I changed my mind about Evolution: Evangelicals Reflect on Faith and Science (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2016).

Barrett, Matthew, and Ardel B. Caneday, gen. eds. Four Views on the Historical Adam (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2013).

Carlson, Richard F., and Tremper Longman III. Science, Creation and the Bible: Reconciling Rival Theories of Origins (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2010).

Chaffey, Tim. and Jason Lisle. Old-Earth Creationism on Trial: The Verdict is in (Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2008).

Charles, J. Daryl, ed. Reading Genesis 1-2: An Evangelical Conversation (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2013).

Collins, C. John. Genesis 1-4: A Linguistic, Literary, and Theological Commentary (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2006).

Collins, C. John. Did Adam and Eve Really Exist? Who They Were and Why You Should Care (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2011).

Dowd, Michael. Thank God for Evolution: How the Marriage of Science and Religion Will Transform Your Life and Our World (New York: Viking, 2007).

Enns, Peter. The Evolution of Adam: What the Bible Does and Doesn’t Say About Human Origins (Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2012).

Hagopian, David G., ed. The Genesis Debate: Three Views on the Days of Creation (Mission Viejo, CA: Crux Press, 2001).

Halton, Charles, gen. ed. Genesis: History, Fiction, or Neither? Three Views on the Bible’s Earliest Chapters (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2015).

Lamoureux, Denis O. Evolution: Scripture and Nature Say Yes! (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2016).

Longman III, Tremper, and John H. Walton. The Lost World of the Flood: Mythology, Theology, and the Deluge Debate (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2018).

Miglio, Adam E., Caryn A. Reeder, Joshua T. Walton, and Kenneth C. Way, eds. For Us, but Not to Us: Essays on Creation, Covenant, and Context in Honor of John H. Walton (Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2020).

Miller, Johnny V., and John M. Soden. In the Beginning…We Misunderstood: Interpreting Genesis 1 in Its Original Context (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2012).

Moreland, J.P., and John Mark Reynolds, gen. eds. Three Views on Creation and Evolution (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1999).

Osborn, Ronald E. Death Before the Fall: Biblical Literalism and the Problem of Animal Suffering (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2014).

Rana, Fazale, with Hugh Ross. Origins of Life: Biblical and Evolutionary Models Face Off (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 2004).

Rana, Fazale. The Cell’s Design: How Chemistry Reveals the Creator’s Artistry (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2008).

Rana, Fazale. Creating Life in the Lab: How New Discoveries in Synthetic Biology Make a Case for the Creator (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2011).

Rana, Fazale, and Hugh Ross. What Darwin Didn’t Know (Glendora, CA: Reasons to Believe, 2012).

Rana, Fazale, with Hugh Ross. Who Was Adam? A Creation Model Approach to the Origin of Humanity (Covina, CA: Reasons to Believe, 2015).

Ross, Hugh. Beyond the Cosmos: What Recent Discoveries in Astronomy and Physics Reveal About the Nature of God (Colorado Springs, NavPress, 2006).

Ross, Hugh, The Creator and the Cosmos (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 2001).

Ross, Hugh, Kenneth Samples, and Mark Clark. Lights in the Sky & Little Green Men: A Rational Christian Look at UFOs and Extraterrestrials (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 2002).

Ross, Hugh. Genesis One: A Scientific Perspective (Glendora, CA: Reasons to Believe, 2006).

Ross, Hugh. Creation as Science: A Testable Model Approach to End the Creation/Evolution Wars (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 2006).

Ross, Hugh. Why the Universe is the Way It is Is (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2008).

Ross, Hugh. More Than a Theory: Revealing a Testable Model for Creation (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2011).

Ross, Hugh. Hidden Treasures in the Book of Job: How the Oldest Book in the Bible Answers Today’s Scientific Questions (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2011).

Ross, Hugh. Navigating Genesis: A Scientist’s Journey through Genesis 1-11 (Covina, CA: Reasons to Believe, 2014).

Ross, Hugh. A Matter of Days: Resolving a Creation Controversy (Covina, CA: Reasons to Believe, 2015).

Ross, Hugh. Improbable Planet: How Earth Became Humanity’s Home (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2016).

Sarfati, Jonathan. Refuting Compromise: A Biblical and Scientific Refutation of “Progressive Creationism” (Billions of Years) As Popularized by Astronomer Hugh Ross (Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2004).

Smith, Jr., Benjamin D. Genesis, Science, and the Beginning: Evaluating Interpretations of Genesis One on the Age of the Earth (Theolosaurus Rex Publications, 2015).

Stanhope, Ben. (Mis) Interpreting Genesis: How the Creation Museum Misunderstands the Ancient Near Eastern Context of the Bible (Louisville, KY: Scarab Press, 2020).

Stump, J.B., gen. ed. Four Views on Creation, Evolution, and Intelligent Design (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2017).

Snoke, David. A Biblical Case for an Old Earth (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2006).

Walton, John H. The Lost World of Genesis One: Ancient Cosmology and the Origins Debate (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2009).

Walton, John H., and D. Brent Sandy. The Lost World of Scripture: Ancient Literary and Biblical Authority (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2013).

Walton, John H. The Lost World of Adam and Eve: Genesis 2-3 and the Human Origins Debate (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2015).

Walton, John H., and J. Harvey Walton. The Lost World of the Israelite Conquest: Covenant, Retribution, and the Fate of the Canaanites (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2017).

Walton, John H., and J. Harvey Walton. The Lost World of the Torah: Law as Covenant and Wisdom in Ancient Context (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2019).

Wickman, Leslie. God of the Big Bang: How Modern Science Affirms the Creator (Brentwood, TN: Worthy Publishing, 2015).

Wilkinson, David. The Message of Creation (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2002).

Young, Davis A. , and Ralph F. Stearley. The Bible, Rocks and Time: Geological Evidence for the Age of the Earth (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2008).


End-Times / Eschatology Issues

Bock, Darrell L., gen. ed. Three Views on the Millennium and Beyond (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1999).

Brown, Michael L., and Craig S. Keener. Not Afraid of the Antichrist: Why We Don’t Believe in a Pre-Tribulation Rapture (Minneapolis: Chosen Books, 2019).

Erickson, Millard J. Contemporary Options in Eschatology: A Study of the Millennium (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1977).

Gundry, Robert H. The Church and the Tribulation: A Biblical Examination of Posstribulationism (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1973).

Gundry, Robert H. First the Antichrist (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1997).

Gundry, Stanley N., ed. Three Views on the Rapture: Pre; Mid; or Post-Tribulation? (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996).

Hindson, Ed, and Mark Hitchcock, Tim LaHaye, gen. eds. The Harvest Handbook of Bible Prophecy (Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers, 2020).

Juster, Dan. Revelation: The Passover Key (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 1991).

Juster, Dan, and Keith Intrater. Israel, the Church and the Last Days (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 1990).

Kaiser, Walter C. Preaching and Teaching the Last Things: Old Testament Eschatology for the Life of the Church (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2011).

Ladd, George Eldon. The Blessed Hope: A Biblical Study of the Second Advent and the Rapture (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1956).

MacPherson, Dave. The Rapture Plot (Simpsonville, SC: Millennium III Publishers, 1995).

Pate, C. Marvin, gen. ed. Four Views on the Book of Revelation (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1998).

Pentecost, J. Dwight. Things to Come: A Study in Biblical Eschatology (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1958).

Walvoord, John F. The Millennial Kingdom (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1958).

Walvoord, John F. The Nations, Israel, and the Church in Prophecy (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1988).

Walvoord, John F. Every Prophecy of the Bible (Colorado Springs: Chariot Victor Publishing, 1999).

Wasson, Jack. No Rapture (Tishbite Press, 2019).

Wasson, Jack, and Paul Liberman. Jacob’s Trouble: Birth Pangs of The Messiah (Tishbite Press, 2021).


Gender Roles / Complementarianism / Egaltiarianism

Beck, James R., ed. Two Views on Women in Ministry (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005).

Cowan, Steven B., ed. Who Runs the Church? 4 Views on Church Government (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004).

Cunningham, Loren, and David Joel Hamilton. Why Not Women? A Fresh Look at Scripture on Women in Missions, Ministry, and Leadership (Seattle: YWAM Publishing, 2000).

Evans, Rachel Held. A Year of Biblical Womanhood (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2012).

Evans, Tim & Anne. Together: Reclaiming Co-Leadership in Marriage (Colorado Springs: Real Life Ministries, 2014).

George, Janet. Still Side by Side: A Concise Explanation of Biblical Equality (Minneapolis: Christians for Biblical Equality, 2009).

James, Carolyn Custis. Half the Church: Recapturing God’s Global Vision for Women (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2010).

James, Carolyn Custis. Malestrom: Manhood Swept into the Currents of a Changing World (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2015).

Johnson, Alan F., ed. How I Changed My Mind About Women in Leadership: Compelling Stories from Prominent Evangelicals (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2010).

Keener, Craig S. Paul, Women & Wives: Marriage and Women’s Ministry in the Letters of Paul (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1992).

Köstenberger, Andreas J., and Margaret E. Köstenberger. God’s Design for Man and Woman: A Biblical-Theological Survey (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2014).

Krizo, Susanna. Recovering from Un-Biblical Manhood and Womanhood: A Response to Evangelical Patriarchy (Author, 2015).

Mathews, Alice. Gender Roles and the People of God: Rethinking What We Were Taught about Men and Women in the Church (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2017).

McKnight, Scot. Junia Is Not Alone: Breaking Our Silence About Women in the Bible and the Church Today (Englewood, CO: Patheos Press, 2011).

Padgett, Alan G. As Christ Submits to the Church: A Biblical Understanding of Leadership and Mutual Submission (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2011).

Payne, Philip B. Man and Woman, One in Christ: An Exegetical and Theological Study of Paul’s Letters (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009).

Piper, John, and Wayne Grudem, eds. Recovering Biblical Manhood and Womanhood: A Response to Evangelical Feminism (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 1991).

Piper, John, and Wayne Grudem. 50 Crucial Questions: An Overview of Central Concerns about Manhood and Womanhood (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2016).

Stackhouse, Jr., John G. Partners in Christ: A Conservative Case for Egalitarianism (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2015).

Tidball, Derek & Dianne. The Message of Women (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2012).

Tucker, Ruth A. Black and White Bible, Black and Blue Wife: My Story of Finding Hope after Domestic Abuse (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2016).


Greek Language Resources

Aland, Kurt, et. al. The Greek New Testament, Fourth Revised Edition (Stuttgart: Deutche Bibelgesellschaft/United Bible Societies, 1998).

Aland, Barbara and Kurt, Johannes Karavidopoulos, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M. Metzger, eds. Novum Testamentum Graece, 28th Revised Edition (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart, 2012).

Archer, Jr., Gleason L., and Gregory Chirichigno. Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament (Chicago: Moody Press, 1983).

Black, David Alan. Learn to Read New Testament Greek (Nashville: Broadman and Holman, 1994).

Black, David Alan. It’s Still Greek to Me (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1998).

Bratcher, Robert G. Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament (London and New York: United Bible Societies, 1987).

Brenton, Sir Lancelot C. L., ed & trans. The Septuagint With Apocrypha (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1999).

Bromiley, Geoffrey W., ed. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, abridged (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1985).

Brown, Robert K., and Philip W. Comfort, trans. The New Greek-English Interlinear New Testament (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House, 1990).

Comfort, Philip W. New Testament Text and Translation Commentary (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House, 2008).

Croy, N. Clayton. A Primer of Biblical Greek (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999).

Danker, Frederick William, ed., et. al. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, third edition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000).

Liddell, H.G., and R. Scott. An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).

Marshall, Alfred. The Interlinear KJV-NIV Parallel New Testament in Greek and English (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975).

McLay, R. Timothy. The Use of the Septuagint in New Testament Research (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003).

Metzger, Bruce M. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (London and New York: United Bible Societies, 1975).

Mounce, William D. Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009).

Mounce, William D., and Robert H. Mounce, eds. The Zondervan Greek and English Interlinear New Testament (NASB/NIV) (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008, 2011).

Nestle, Erwin, and Kurt Aland, eds. Novum Testamentum Graece, Nestle-Aland 27th Edition (New York: American Bible Society, 1993).

Nestle-Aland Greek-English New Testament, NE27-RSV (Stuttgart: United Bible Societies/Deutche Bibelgesellschaft, 2001).

Newman, Jr., Barclay M. A Concise Greek-English Dictionary of the New Testament (Stuttgart: United Bible Societies/Deutche Bibelgesellschaft, 1971).

Rahlfs, Alfred, ed. Septuaginta (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1979).

Rogers, Cleon L., Jr., and Cleon L. Rogers III. The New Linguistic and Exegetical Key to the Greek New Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1998).

Thayer, Joseph H. Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2003).

Vine, W.E. Vine’s Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1968).

Wallace, Daniel B. Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996).

Zodhiates, Spiros, ed. Complete Word Study Dictionary: New Testament (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 1993).


Hebrew Language Resources

Arnold, Bill T., and John H. Choi. A Guide to Biblical Hebrew Syntax (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Baker, Warren, and Eugene Carpenter, eds. Complete Word Study Dictionary: Old Testament (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 2003).

Baltsan, Hayim. Webster’s NewWorld Hebrew Dictionary (Cleveland: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 1992).

Brown, Francis, S.R. Driver, and Charles A. Briggs. Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).

Davidson, Benjamin. The Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1970).

Dotan, Aron, ed. Biblia Hebraica Leningradensia (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2001).

Elliger, Karl, and Wilhelm Rudolph, et. al., eds. Biblica Hebraica Stuttgartensia (Stuttgart: Deutche Bibelgesellschaft, 1977).

Gabe, Eric S., ed. New Testament in Hebrew and English (Hitchin, UK: Society for Distributing the Hebrew Scriptures, 2000).

Gesenius, H.F.W.: Gesenius’ Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament, trans. Samuel Prideaux Tregelles (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1979).

Harris, R. Laird, Gleason L. Archer, Jr., and Bruce K. Waltke, eds. Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (Chicago: Moody Press, 1980).

Holladay, William L., ed. A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament (Leiden, the Netherlands: E.J. Brill, 1988).

Jastrow, Marcus. Dictionary of the Targumim, Talmud Bavli, Talmud Yerushalmi, and Midrashic Literature (New York: Judaica Treasury, 2004).

Kelley, Page H., Daniel S. Mynatt, and Timothy G. Crawford, eds. The Masorah of Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998).

Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, eds. The Hebrew & Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, 2 vols. (Leiden, the Netherlands: Brill, 2001).

Kohlenberger III, John R., trans. The Interlinear NIV Hebrew-English Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1987).

Lambdin, Thomas O. Introduction to Biblical Hebrew (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1971).

Pratico, Gary D., and Miles V. Van Pelt. Basics of Biblical Hebrew Grammar (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007).

Seow, C.L. A Grammar for Biblical Hebrew, revised edition (Nashville: Abingdon, 1995).

The New Covenant Aramaic Peshitta Text with Hebrew Translation (Jerusalem: Bible Society in Israel, 1986).

Tov, Emanuel. Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1992).

Torah Nevi’im Ketuvim v’ha’Brit haChadashah (Jerusalem: Bible Society in Israel, 1991).

Unger, Merrill F., and William White. Nelson’s Expository Dictionary of the Old Testament (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1980).

Van Pelt, Miles V. Basics of Biblical Aramaic (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2011).


Historical Sources & Ancient Literature

Charlesworth, James H., ed. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, Vol 1 (New York: Doubleday, 1983).

Charlesworth, James H., ed. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, Vol 2 (New York: Doubleday, 1985).

Eusebius of Caesarea: Ecclesiastical History, trans. C.F. Cruse (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1998).

González, Justo L. The Story of Christianity, Vol. 1 (San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1984).

González, Justo L. The Story of Christianity, Vol. 2 (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1985).

Harrington, Joel F., ed. A Cloud of Witnesses: Readings in the History of Western Christianity (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001).

Irvin, Dale T., and Scott W. Sunquist. History of the World Christian Movement, Vol. 1 (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2001).

Josephus, Flavius: The Works of Josephus: Complete and Unabridged, trans. William Whiston (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1987).

Judaeus, Philo: The Works of Philo: Complete and Unabridged, trans. C.D. Yonge (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1993).

Shanks, Hershel, ed. Ancient Israel: From Abraham to the Roman Destruction of the Temple (Washington, D.C.: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1999).

Sparks, H.F.D., ed. The Apocryphal Old Testament (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

Tsedaka, Benyamin, trans. and ed. The Israelite Samaritan Version of the Torah: First English Translation Compared with the Masoretic Version (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013).

Vermes, Geza, trans. The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English (London: Penguin Books, 1997).

Wise, Michael, Martin Abegg, Jr., and Edward Cook, trans. The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1996).


Interpretation / Old Testament / New Testament / Pauline Issues

Anderson, Garwood P. Paul’s New Perspective: Charting a Soteriological Journey (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2016).

Bird, Michael F., ed. Four Views on the Apostle Paul (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012).

Bivin, David, and Roy Blizzard, Jr. Understanding the Difficult Words of Jesus: New Insights From a Hebraic Perspective (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 1994).

Bockmuehl, Markus. Jewish Law in Gentile Churches: Halakhah and the Beginning of Christian Public Ethics (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2000).

Bruce, F.F. New Testament History (New York: Doubleday, 1969).

Bruce, F.F. The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981).

Carson, D.A., and Douglas J. Moo. An Introduction to the New Testament, second edition (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005).

Cassuto, Umberto. The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch (Jerusalem: Shalem Press, 2006).

Dillard, Raymond B., and Tremper Longman III. An Introduction to the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994).

Dunn, James D.G. Jesus, Paul and the Law: Studies in Mark and Galatians (Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox, 1990).

Dunn, James D.G. The New Perspective on Paul (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005).

Eisenbaum, Pamela. Paul Was Not a Christian: The Original Message of a Misunderstood Apostle (New York: HarperCollins, 2009).

Fee, Gordon D., and Douglas Stuart. How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003).

Goldingay, John. Old Testament Theology: Israel’s Gospel (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2003).

Goldingay, John. Old Testament Theology: Israel’s Faith (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2006).

Gundry, Robert H. A Survey of the New Testament, third edition (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994).

Guthrie, Donald. New Testament Introduction (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1990).

Harrison, R.K. Introduction to the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1969).

Horrell, David G. An Introduction to the Study of Paul (London: T&T Clark, 2006).

Kaiser, Walter C. Toward An Old Testament Theology (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978).

Kaiser, Walter C. Toward Old Testament Ethics (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1983).

Kaiser, Walter C. Toward Rediscovering the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1987).

Kaiser, Walter C. The Old Testament Documents: Are They Reliable and Relevant? (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2001).

Kaiser, Walter C. The Promise-Plan of God: A Biblical Theology of the Old and New Testaments (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008).

Kaiser, Walter C. Recovering the Unity of the Bible: One Continuous Story, Plan, and Purpose (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009).

Nanos, Mark D., and Magnus Zetterholm, eds. Paul Within Judaism: Restoring the First-Century Context to the Apostle (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2015).

Patzia, Arthur G. The Making of the New Testament: Origin, Collection, Text & Canon (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1995).

Piper, John. The Future of Justification: A Response to N.T. Wright (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 2007).

Sanders, E.P. Paul and Palestinian Judaism (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1977).

Strickland, Wayne G., ed. Five Views on Law and Gospel (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996).

Thompson, David L. Bible Study That Works (Nappanee, IN: Evangel Publishing House, 1994).

Tidball, Derek. The Message of the Cross (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2001).

Westerholm, Stephen. Perspectives Old and New on Paul: The “Lutheran” Paul and His Critics (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004).

Wright, Christopher J.H. The Mission of God: Unlocking the Bible’s Grand Narrative (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2006).

Wright, N.T. What Saint Paul Really Said (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997).

Wright, N.T. Paul in Fresh Perspective (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2005).

Wright, N.T. Justification: God’s Plan & Paul’s Vision (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2009).


Jewish Reference Sources

Bridger, David, ed. et. al. The New Jewish Encyclopedia (West Orange, NJ: Behrman House, 1976).

Chill, Abraham. The Mitzvot: The Commandments and Their Rationale (Jerusalem: Keter Books, 1974).

Cohen, Abraham. Everyman’s Talmud: The Major Teachings of the Rabbinic Sages (New York: Schoken, 1995).

Eisenberg, Ronald L. The JPS Guide to Jewish Traditions (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 2004).

Encyclopaedia Judaica. MS Windows 9x. Brooklyn: Judaica Multimedia (Israel) Ltd, 1997.

Frank, Daniel H., Oliver Leaman, and Charles H. Manekin, eds. The Jewish Philosophy Reader (London and New York: Routledge, 2000).

Friedman, Richard Elliot. Commentary on the Torah (New York: HarperCollins, 2001).

Harlow, Jules, ed. Siddur Sim Shalom for Shabbat and Festivals (New York: Rabbinical Assembly, 2007).

Hertz, J.H., ed. Pentateuch & Haftorahs (London: Soncino, 1960).

Hertz, J.H., ed. The Authorised Daily Prayer Book, revised (New York: Bloch Publishing Company, 1960).

Isaacs, Ronald H. Mitzvot: A Sourcebook for the 613 Commandments (Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson Inc., 1996).

Kolatch, Alfred J. The Jewish Book of Why (Middle Village, NY: Jonathan David Publishers, 1981).

Kolatch, Alfred J. The Second Jewish Book of Why (Middle Village, NY: Jonathan David Publishers, 1985).

Lieber, David L. Etz Hayim: Torah and Commentary (New York: Rabbinical Assembly, 2001).

Neusner, Jacob, trans. The Mishnah: A New Translation (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1988).

Neusner, Jacob, ed. The Tosefta: Translated from the Hebrew With a New Introduction, 2 vols. (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2002).

Neusner, Jacob, and William Scott Green, eds. Dictionary of Judaism in the Biblical Period (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2002).

Scherman, Nosson, ed., et. al. The ArtScroll Chumash, Stone Edition, 5th ed. (Brooklyn: Mesorah Publications, 2000).

Telushkin, Joseph. Jewish Literacy (New York: William Morrow and Company, 1991).

Werblowsky, R.J. Zwi, and Geoffrey Widoger, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997).

Wigoder, Geoffrey, ed. et. al. The New Encyclopedia of Judaism (Jerusalem: Jerusalem Publishing House, 2002).


Kosher Issues

Dresner, Samuel H. The Jewish Dietary Laws: Their Meaning for Our Time (New York: The Rabbinical Assembly of America, 1982).

Fishkoff, Sue. Kosher Nation: Why More and More of America’s Food Answers to a Higher Authority (New York: Schoken Books, 2010).

Lipschutz, Yacov. Kashruth: A comprehensive background and reference guide to the principles of Kashruth (Brooklyn: Mesorah Publications, Ltd, 1989).

MacDonald, Nathan. What Did the Ancient Israelites Eat? Diet in Biblical Times (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008).

McDurmon, Joel. What Would Jesus Drink? A Spirit-Filled Study (White Hall, WV: Tolle Lege Press, 2011).

Rubin, Jordan S. The Maker’s Diet (Lake Mary, FL: Siloam, 2004).

Russell, Rex. What the Bible Says About Healthy Living (Grand Rapids: Fleming H. Revell, 1996).

Stern, Lisë. How to Keep Kosher: A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Jewish Dietary Laws (New York: William Morrow, 2004).

Zamore, Mary L., ed. The Sacred Table: Creating a Jewish Food Ethic (New York: Central Conference of American Rabbis, 2011).


Messianic Judaism

Appel, James, Jonathan Bernis, and David Levine. Messianic Judaism Class (Copenhagan, NY: Olive Press, 2011).

Appel, James, Jonathan Bernis, and David Levine. Messianic Judaism Class, Teacher Book (Copenhagan, NY: Olive Press, 2011).

Brown, Michael L. Our Hands Are Stained With Blood (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image 1992).

Chernoff, David. Yeshua the Messiah (Havertown, PA: Kesher Ministries International, 1983).

Chernoff, Yohanna, with Jimi Miller. Born a Jew, Die a Jew: The Story of Martin Chernoff A Pioneer in Messianic Judaism (Hagerstown, MD: EBED Publications, 1996).

Cohn-Sherbok, Dan, ed. Messianic Judaism (London and New York: Continuum, 2000).

Cohn-Sherbok, Dan, ed. Voices of Messianic Judaism (Baltimore: Lederer Books, 2001).

Fischer, John, ed. The Enduring Paradox: Exploratory Essays in Messianic Judaism (Baltimore: Lederer, 2000).

Goldberg, Louis, ed. How Jewish is Christianity? 2 Views on the Messianic Movement (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003).

Harvey, Richard. Mapping Messianic Jewish Theology: A Constructive Approach (Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2009).

Juster, Daniel C. Growing to Maturity (Denver: The Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations Press, 1987).

Juster, Daniel C. Jewish Roots: Understanding Your Jewish Faith, revised edition (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 2013).

Kinzer, Mark S. Post-Missionary Messianic Judaism: Redefining Christian Engagement with the Jewish People (Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2005).

Liberman, Joel. Life From The Dead (San Diego: Author, 2018).

Liberman, Paul. The Fig Tree Blossoms: The Emerging of Messianic Judaism (Kudu Publishing, 2012).

Liberman, Paul, & Jack Wasson. Don’t Call Me Christian: A Truly Jewish Story (Arlington, TX: Tishbite Press).

Nadler, Sam. Developing Healthy Messianic Congregations (Charlotte: Word of Messiah Ministries, 2016).

Resnik, Russell L. The Root and the Branches: Jewish Identity in Messiah (Albuquerque: Adat Yeshua, 1997).

Robinson, Rich, gen. ed. The Messianic Movement: A Field Guide for Evangelical Christians, from Jesus for Jesus (San Francisco: Purple Pomegranate Productions, 2005).

Rosen, Ruth, ed. Jesus for Jews (San Francisco: Jews for Jesus, 1987).

Rudolph, David J., and Joel Willitts, eds. Introduction to Messianic Judaism: Its Ecclesial Context and Biblical Foundations (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2013).

Stern, David H. Messianic Jewish Manifesto (Clarksville, MD: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1991).

Stern, David H. Jewish New Testament Commentary (Clarksville, MD: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1995)

Stern, David H. Messianic Judaism: A Modern Movement With an Ancient Past (Clarksville, MD: Messianic Jewish Publishers, 2007).

Wolff, Robert F., ed. Awakening the One New Man (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 2011).


Nature and Messiahship of Yeshua

Ammi, Ken. Is Jesus the Messiah? A Judaism vs. Judaism Debate (Author, 2017).

Bar, Eitan. Refuting Rabbinic Objections to Christianity & Messianic Prophecies (One for Israel Ministry, 2019).

Bateman IV, Herbert W., Darrell L. Bock, and Gordon H. Johnston. Jesus the Messiah: Tracing the Promises, Expectations, and Coming of Israel’s King (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2012).

Bauckham, Richard. Jesus and the God of Israel (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008).

Bird, Michael F., Craig A. Evans, Simon J. Gathercole, Charles E. Hill, and Chris Tilling. How God Became Jesus: The Real Origins of Belief in Jesus’ Divine Nature—A Response to Bart Ehrman (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014).

Bock, Darrell L., and Mitch Glaser. The Gospel According to Isaiah 53: Encountering the Suffering Servant in Jewish and Christian Theology (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2012).

Bowman, Jr., Robert M., and J. Ed Komoszewski. Putting Jesus in His Place: The Case for the Deity of Christ (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2007).

Boyarin, Daniel. The Jewish Gospels: The Story of the Jewish Christ (New York: The New Press, 2012).

Brown, Michael L. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus: General and Historical Objections (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2000).

Brown, Michael L. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus, Volume 2: Theological Objections (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2000).

Brown, Michael L. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus, Volume 3: Messianic Prophecy Objections (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2003).

Brown, Michael L. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus, Volume 4: New Testament Objections (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2007).

Brown, Michael L. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus, Volume 5: Traditional Jewish Objections (San Francisco, CA: Purple Pomegranate Productions, 2009).

Brown, Michael L. The Real Kosher Jesus: Revealing the Mysteries of the Hidden Messiah (Lake Mary, FL: Front Line, 2012).

Cole, Graham A. The God who became Human: A biblical theology of incarnation (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2013).

Duguid, Iain M. Is Jesus in the Old Testament? (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2013).

Edgar, Brian. The Message of the Trinity (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2004).

Erickson, Millard J. Making Sense of the Trinity: Three Crucial Questions (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2000).

Erickson, Millard J. Who’s Tampering with the Trinity? An Assessment of the Subordination Debate (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2009).

Fee, Gordon D. Pauline Christology: An Exegetical-Theological Study (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2007).

Fructenbaum, Arnold G. Ha-Mashiach: The Messiah of the Hebrew Scriptures (San Antonio: Ariel Ministries, 2016).

Frydland, Rachmiel. What the Rabbis Know About the Messiah: A Study of Genealogy and Prophecy (Worthington, OH: Messianic Literature Outreach, 2011).

Gathercole, Simon J. The Pre-existent Son: Recovering the Christologies of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006).

Giles, Kevin. The Trinity & Subordinationism: The Doctrine of God & the Contemporary Gender Debate (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2002).

Giles, Kevin. The Eternal Generation of the Son: Maintaining Orthodoxy in Trinitarian Theology (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2012).

Glaser, Mitch. Isaiah 53 Explained (New York: Chosen People Productions, 2010).

Hurtado, Larry W. Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003).

Intrater, Asher. Who Ate Lunch With Abraham: The appearances of God in the form of a Man in the Hebrew Scriptures (Peoria, AZ: Intermedia Publishing Group, 2011).

Jowers, Dennis W., and H. Wayne House, eds. The New Evangelical Subordinationism? Perspectives on the Equality of God the Father and God the Son (Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2012).

Kane, Dan. Is Yeshua the Prophesied Messiah of the Hebrew Bible? (Enumclaw, WA: WinePress Publishing, 2009).

Letham, Robert. The Message of the Person of Christ (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2013).

Longenecker, Richard N. The Christology of Early Jewish Christianity (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1970).

Longenecker, Richard N., ed. Contours of Christology in the New Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005).

McCready, Douglas. He Came Down from Heaven: The Preexistence of Christ and the Christian Faith (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2005).

McGrath, Alister E. Understanding the Trinity (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1988).

Morgan, Christopher W., and Robert A. Peterson, eds. The Deity of Christ (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2011).

Morris, Robert. Anti-Missionary Arguments: Meeting the challenges posed by the Anti-Missionary Movement (Irvine, CA: HaDavar Messianic Ministries, 2011).

Pyle, Douglas. Sharing Jesus in a Jewish Way (New York: Chosen People Productions, 2012).

Ronning, John. The Jewish Targums and John’s Logos Theology (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010).

Rose, Tov. Jesus in the Old Testament: Messiah Revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures (Author, 2012).

Rydelnik, Michael. The Messianic Hope: Is the Hebrew Bible Messianic? (Nashville: B&H Publishing Group, 2010).

Rydelnik, Michael, and Edwin Blum, gen. eds. The Moody Bible Handbook of Messianic Prophecy: Studies and Expositions of the Messiah in the Old Testament (Chicago: Moody Publishers, 2019).

The Borough Park Papers Symposium II (April 12-14, 2010): The Deity of Messiah and the Mystery of God (Clarksville, MD: Lederer Books, 2012).

Swinburne, Richard. Was Jesus God? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Ware, Bruce A. The Man Christ Jesus: Theological Reflections on the Humanity of Christ (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2013).

Ware, Bruce A., & John Starke, eds. One God in Three Persons: Unity of Essence, Distinction of Persons, Implications for Life (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2015).

Wright, Christopher J.H. Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 1992).

Wright, Christopher J.H. Knowing the Holy Spirit Through the Old Testament (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2006).

Wright, Christopher J.H. Knowing God the Father Through the Old Testament (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2007).


Sabbath Issues

Allender, Dan B. Sabbath (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2009).

Bacchiocchi, Samuele. From Sabbath to Sunday (Rome: Pontifical Gregorian University Press, 1977).

Booker, Bruce R. The Lunacy of the Lunar Sabbath (Author, 2008).

Brueggemann, Walter. Sabbath as Resistance: Saying No to the Culture of Now (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2014).

Buchanan, Mark. The Rest of God: Restoring Your Soul by Restoring Sabbath (Nashville: W Publishing Group, 2006).

Carson, D.A., ed. From Sabbath to Lord’s Day (Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1999).

Dawn, Marva J. Keeping the Sabbath Wholly: Ceasing, Resting, Embracing, Feasting (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989).

Dresner, Samuel H. The Sabbath (New York: The Burning Bush Press, 1970).

Donato, Christopher John, ed. Perspectives on the Sabbath: Four Views (Nashville: B&H Academic, 2011).

Finkelman, Shimon. Shabbos: The Sabbath—Its Essence and Significance (Brooklyn: Mesorah Publications, 1990).

Gleaves, Lisa. Claim God’s Sabbath Blessings! “What God’s Word Says About Sabbath” (2013) [eBook for Amazon Kindle].

Heschel, Abraham Joshua. The Sabbath (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1951).

Kent, Keri Wyatt. Rest: Living in Sabbath Simplicity (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009).

Liberman, Joe, with David Klinghoffer. The Gift of Rest: Rediscovering the Beauty of the Sabbath (New York: Howard Books, 2011).

Muller, Wayne. Sabbath: Finding Rest, Renewal, and Delight in Our Busy Lives (New York: Bantam Books, 1999).

Perelson, Ruth. An Invitation to Shabbat: A Beginner’s Guide to Weekly Celebration (New York: UAHC Press, 1997).

Shapiro, Mark Dov. Gates of Shabbat: A Guide for Observing Shabbat (New York: Central Conference of American Rabbis, 1996).

Shulevitz, Judith. The Sabbath World: Glimpses of a Different Order of Time (New York: Random House, 2010).

Tonstad, Sigve K. The Lost Meaning of the Seventh Day (Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 2009).

Winner, Lauren F. Mudhouse Sabbath: An Invitation to a Life of Spiritual Discipline (Brewster, MA: Paraclete Press, 2003).

Wirzba, Norman. Living the Sabbath: Discovering the Rhythms of Rest and Delight (Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2006).

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