5 December, 2020

Messianic Apologetics

Addressing the Theological and Spiritual Issues of the Broad Messianic Movement

Divinity of Yeshua

Salvation on the Line, Volume I: The Nature of Yeshua and His Divinity–Gospels and Acts

In the past, the big issue which has faced the Messianic movement has understandably been the Messiahship of Yeshua of Nazareth, widely connected to the purposes of Jewish evangelism. For the present, the big issue which is staring right at the broad Messianic movement—to which no congregation, fellowship, family, or individual is entirely immune—is how to approach the nature of Yeshua (Jesus). Is Yeshua the Messiah God, or is He a created being? While many affirm Yeshua of Nazareth to be the eternal, uncreated Son of God who is indeed God—there are many others who express various levels of doubt about this, and then others who think that Yeshua is a created being and not God. There are those who will affirm that Yeshua is a supernatural being to be sure—perhaps even the first created being in the cosmic order, pre-existent of our known universe—but nevertheless created and not God.

This publication, Salvation on the Line: The Nature of Yeshua and His Divinity, affirms a high Christology. Not only does it affirm a high Christology of Yeshua being God, it very much defends the view that while understanding all of the intricacies of Yeshua being God is not required for salvation, recognizing Yeshua as the Lord (YHWH/YHVH) of the Tanach Scriptures (Old Testament) most certainly is required for salvation (Romans 10:9, 13; cf. Joel 2:32).

This resource has consulted and engaged with a wide array of resources and perspectives across the Messianic movement, into the more independent sectors of the Hebrew/Hebraic Roots movement, the views expressed by various Christians labeling themselves “Biblical Unitarians,” and even those few theologians of note who hold to a low Christology. This involves an array of articles, books, commentaries, and even a few Bible versions. Most important, would be some of the excellent, thorough, and readable resources defending a high Christology, seen within the realm of broadly evangelical Christian theology.

The considerable bulk of Salvation on the Line, while defending a high Christology, is necessarily spent going to the text of the Holy Scriptures (Genesis-Revelation). This is not only because the Holy Scriptures are to be decisively regarded by God’s people to be the Word of Life, but also because this is the venue where the rise and fall of theological concepts are to be found. None of us wants to be found holding to a view of Yeshua being God simply because of some kind of fundamentalist dogma—where if we hold to a different view our name will somehow end up on a list or in a white paper as being stigmatized as some kind of “cultists.” We want to be found holding to a view of Yeshua being God, precisely because that is where the witness of Scripture directs us, it is the genuine testimony of the Messiah and His early followers, and because it is required for our redemption from sins as fallen human beings. The author firmly believes that such a principled case can be made in going to the text of Scripture, and that those who hold to a low Christology are decisively lacking in many areas.

448 pages

$27.99 paperback

$9.99 eBook


unless otherwise noted, Scripture quotations are from the 1995 New American Standard Update (NASU)

All Articles–>Divinity of Yeshua are downloadable in PDF format

Genesis 1:26-28; 3:22-23; 11:7-8


Genesis 16:7-13


Genesis 18:1-33


Genesis 21:17-21


Genesis 22:6-18


Genesis 24:7, 40


Genesis 31:10-13


Genesis 32:24-30


Genesis 48:15-16


Exodus 3:1-16


Exodus 4:14-17; 7:1-5


Exodus 13:21; 14:19


Exodus 20:1-4; Deuteronomy 5:6-9


Exodus 23:20-24


Exodus 24:9-11


Exodus 32:34-33:6


Exodus 33:7-23


Numbers 22:22-38


Deuteronomy 4:14-18


Deuteronomy 6:4-5


Joshua 5:13-6:2


Judges 2:1-5


Judges 6:11-23


Judges 13


Isaiah 6:1-8


Isaiah 9:6-7


Isaiah 37:16; 44:24; Nehemiah 9:6; Psalm 95:5-7


Isaiah 42:8


Isaiah 44:5-8


Isaiah 45:18-25


Isaiah 63:9


Daniel 3:24-26


Daniel 7:9-14


Joel 3:11-13


Micah 5:2


Psalm 2


Psalm 23:1-4


Psalm 45


Psalm 82:1-8


Psalm 97:5-7


Psalm 102:25-27


Psalm 110


Proverbs 8:22-31


Luke 1:26-38


Luke 1:67-79


Matthew 1:18-25; Luke 2:10-11


Matthew 2:1-12


Mark 1:1-3; Matthew 3:2-3; Luke 3:3-6


Mark 1:9-11; Matthew 3:13-17; Luke 3:21-22


Mark 1:12-13; Matthew 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-13


Mark 1:21-28; Luke 4:31-17


Mark 2:1-12; Matthew 9:1-8; Luke 5:17-26


Mark 3:7-12


Luke 7:11-17


Luke 7:36-50


Mark 4:35-41; Matthew 8:23-27; Luke 8:22-25


Mark 5:1-20; Matthew 8:28-34; Luke 8:26-39


Mark 5:25-34; Matthew 9:20-22; Luke 8:43-48


Luke 10:18


Matthew 11:25-30; Luke 10:21-24


Mark 6:45-52; Matthew 14:22-33


Matthew 15:29-31


Mark 8:27-30; Matthew 16:13-20; Luke 9:18-20


Mark 8:31-9:1; Matthew 16:27-28; Luke 9:21-27


Mark 9:2-13; Matthew 17:1-13; Luke 9:28-36


Mark 9:30-32; Matthew 17:22-23; Luke 9:43-45


Mark 10:17-18; Matthew 19:16-17; Luke 18:18-19


Mark 10:32-34; Matthew 20:17-19; Luke 18:31-34


Mark 11:15-19; Matthew 21:12-16; Luke 19:45-48


Mark 12:28-37; Matthew 22:35-46; Luke 20:41-44


Mark 13:23-27; Matthew 24:27-31; Luke 21:25-28


Mark 13:6; Matthew 24:5; Luke 21:8


Mark 13:32; Matthew 24:36


Matthew 25:31-34


Mark 14:53-65; Matthew 26:57-68; Luke 22:63-71


Mark 15:16-20; Matthew 27:27-31; Luke 22:63-65


Mark 15:34; Matthew 27:46


Mark 15:39; Matthew 27:54; Luke 23:47


Matthew 28:8-10


Matthew 28:16-20


Luke 24:44-53


Acts 2:14-36


Acts 3:1-26


Acts 4:1-22


Acts 5:27-32


Acts 7:36-39


Acts 7:54-60


Acts 9:1-6


Acts 10:19-26


Acts 10:34-43


Acts 13:13-42


Acts 14:8-20


Acts 16:7


Acts 17:16-34


Acts 20:17-28


John 1:1-18


John 1:19-24


John 1:29-34


John 1:43-51


John 3:10-18


John 3:31-36


John 4:6-26


John 5:1-18


John 5:19-24


John 5:25-29


John 5:30-47


John 6:16-21


John 6:26-40


John 6:41-59


John 6:60-69


John 7:14-18


John 7:28-30


John 8:12-20


John 8:21-30


John 8:38-47


John 8:48-59


John 9:35-38


John 10:7-21


John 10:22-39


John 11:17-27


John 12:27-36


John 12:37-43


John 12:44-50


John 13:1-20


John 13:31-35


John 14:1-14


John 14:15-31


John 15:1-11


John 15:18-27


John 16:1-15


John 16:23-33


John 17:1-26


John 18:1-11


John 19:1-9


John 20:11-18


John 20:19-23


John 20:24-29


John 20:30-31


Salvation on the Line, Volume II: The Nature of Yeshua and His Divinity–General Epistles, Pauline Epistles, Later New Testament

In the past, the big issue which has faced the Messianic movement has understandably been the Messiahship of Yeshua of Nazareth, widely connected to the purposes of Jewish evangelism. For the present, the big issue which is staring right at the broad Messianic movement—to which no congregation, fellowship, family, or individual is entirely immune—is how to approach the nature of Yeshua (Jesus). Is Yeshua the Messiah God, or is He a created being? While many affirm Yeshua of Nazareth to be the eternal, uncreated Son of God who is indeed God—there are many others who express various levels of doubt about this, and then others who think that Yeshua is a created being and not God. There are those who will affirm that Yeshua is a supernatural being to be sure—perhaps even the first created being in the cosmic order, pre-existent of our known universe—but nevertheless created and not God.

This publication, Salvation on the Line: The Nature of Yeshua and His Divinity, affirms a high Christology. Not only does it affirm a high Christology of Yeshua being God, it very much defends the view that while understanding all of the intricacies of Yeshua being God is not required for salvation, recognizing Yeshua as the Lord (YHWH/YHVH) of the Tanach Scriptures (Old Testament) most certainly is required for salvation (Romans 10:9, 13; cf. Joel 2:32).

This resource has consulted and engaged with a wide array of resources and perspectives across the Messianic movement, into the more independent sectors of the Hebrew/Hebraic Roots movement, the views expressed by various Christians labeling themselves “Biblical Unitarians,” and even those few theologians of note who hold to a low Christology. This involves an array of articles, books, commentaries, and even a few Bible versions. Most important, would be some of the excellent, thorough, and readable resources defending a high Christology, seen within the realm of broadly evangelical Christian theology.

The considerable bulk of Salvation on the Line, while defending a high Christology, is necessarily spent going to the text of the Holy Scriptures (Genesis-Revelation). This is not only because the Holy Scriptures are to be decisively regarded by God’s people to be the Word of Life, but also because this is the venue where the rise and fall of theological concepts are to be found. None of us wants to be found holding to a view of Yeshua being God simply because of some kind of fundamentalist dogma—where if we hold to a different view our name will somehow end up on a list or in a white paper as being stigmatized as some kind of “cultists.” We want to be found holding to a view of Yeshua being God, precisely because that is where the witness of Scripture directs us, it is the genuine testimony of the Messiah and His early followers, and because it is required for our redemption from sins as fallen human beings. The author firmly believes that such a principled case can be made in going to the text of Scripture, and that those who hold to a low Christology are decisively lacking in many areas.

382 pages

$27.99 paperback

$9.99 eBook


James 1:1


James 1:13-15


James 2:1


James 2:19


1 Peter 1:1-2


1 Peter 1:3-12


1 Peter 1:17-25


1 Peter 3:8-22


2 Peter 1:1-4, 8, 11


2 Peter 1:16-18


2 Peter 3:18


Jude 24-25


1 John 1:1-4


1 John 2:18-27


1 John 3:19-24


1 John 4:1-2


1 John 4:7-21


1 John 5:1-5, 18


Romans 1:1-7


Romans 6:1-15


Romans 9:5


Romans 10:9, 12-13


Romans 14:7-12


1 Corinthians 1:1-9


1 Corinthians 3:21-23


1 Corinthians 8


1 Corinthians 10:1-4, 9


1 Corinthians 11:3


1 Corinthians 12:1-6


1 Corinthians 15:15-28


2 Corinthians 1:1-4


2 Corinthians 4:1-6


2 Corinthians 5:18-21


2 Corinthians 8:9


2 Corinthians 13:14


Galatians 1:1-5, 10-12


Ephesians 1:1-3


Ephesians 1:17-23


Ephesians 2:18


Ephesians 3:9-11


Ephesians 3:14-21


Ephesians 4:1-6


Ephesians 5:18-20


Ephesians 5:21-23


Ephesians 6:23


Philippians 1:19


Philippians 2:5-11


Colossians 1:1-4


Colossians 1:15-20


Colossians 2:6-10


Colossians 3:1-4


Colossians 3:16-17


1 Thessalonians 1:1-3


1 Thessalonians 3:11-13


1 Thessalonians 4:14-18


1 Timothy 1:1-2


1 Timothy 1:15-17


1 Timothy 2:3-6


1 Timothy 6:13-16


2 Timothy 1:1-2


Titus 1:1-4


Titus 2:11-14


Titus 3:4-7


Hebrews 1


Hebrews 2


Hebrews 3:1-6


Hebrews 4:14-16


Hebrews 5:1-10


Hebrews 7:1-3, 6-8


Hebrews 7:28


Hebrews 8:1-2


Hebrews 9:13-14


Hebrews 9:24-26


Hebrews 10:11-14


Hebrews 10:19


Hebrews 12:1-3


Hebrews 12:22-24


Hebrews 13:8


Revelation 1:1-8


Revelation 1:9-20


Revelation 2:8


Revelation 3:1-6


Revelation 3:7-13


Revelation 3:14-22


Revelation 4:1-11


Revelation 5:1-14


Revelation 6:15-17


Revelation 7:9-17


Revelation 17:14


Revelation 19:1-10


Revelation 19:11-16


Revelation 20:6


Revelation 21:1-8


Revelation 21:22-23


Revelation 22:1-3


Revelation 22:6-9


Revelation 22:12-21