Revelation

The Revelation Given to John

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 50s-70s C.E. or 80s-90 C.E. Time period: deteriorating circumstances for the First Century Believers in the Roman Empire Author: the Apostle John Location of author: the island of Patmos Target audience and their location: the congregations of Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea (all in Asia Minor) Theological Summary: The Book of Revelation, perhaps more than any other text in the Apostolic Scriptures, is one of the most confusing, as well as controversial, for Bible readers to digest. Also commonly known as the Apocalypse, because […]

Hebrews

Epistle to the Hebrews

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 64-70 C.E. Time period: immediately prior to, or during, the Jewish revolt in the Land of Israel Author: unknown, but often favored to be Barnabas or Apollos (and/or Priscilla) Location of author: the Jewish Diaspora, probably Corinth or Italy Target audience and their location: primarily the Jewish Diaspora, probably Rome, Alexandria, Eastern Mediterranean Theological Summary: The overwhelming theme of the Epistle to the Hebrews is the superiority of Yeshua’s sacrifice and blood atonement, when compared to the previous order of animal sacrifices of the Levitical priesthood. […]

Titus

Epistle of Paul to Titus

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 63-65 C.E. Time period: growing pains of new Messiah followers in Mediterranean basin Author: the Apostle Paul with Luke (secretary) Location of author: Macedonia or Nicopolis Target audience and their location: Titus in Crete Theological Summary: The author of the Epistle to Titus is identified in the text as being the Apostle Paul (Titus 1:1). Genuine Pauline authorship is not challenged by conservatives, neither was it doubted by the Second Century Church. Pauline authorship is doubted by liberals, who often believe that Titus was composed by […]

1&2 Timothy

Second Epistle of Paul to Timothy

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 66-67 C.E. Time period: growth of Messianic community with rise of Paul’s successors, in the midst of some false teachings and apostasy, as well as rising persecution Author: the Apostle Paul with Luke (secretary) Location of author: Rome Target audience and their location: Timothy in Ephesus Theological Summary: The Epistle of 2 Timothy is regarded by conservative interpreters as being the final letter composed by the Apostle Paul, who knows that he is soon to die and meet his Lord in Heaven (2 Timothy 4:6-8, 18). […]

1&2 Timothy

First Epistle of Paul to Timothy

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 63-64 C.E. or 65-67 C.E. Time period: growth of Messianic community with rise of Paul’s successors, in the midst of some false teachings and apostasy Author: the Apostle Paul with Luke (secretary) Location of author: traveling to, or in Macedonia Target audience and location: Timothy in Ephesus Theological Summary: The Epistle of 1 Timothy is the first in a collection of three letters, also including 2 Timothy and Titus, which are frequently called the Pastoral Epistles, given their widespread attention to matters of congregational administration and […]

Philemon

Epistle of Paul to Philemon

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 60-62 C.E. Time period: Paul’s first imprisonment in Rome, during an era of runaway slaves Author: the Apostle Paul Location of author: Rome (majority), Ephesus or Caesarea (minority) Target audience and location: Philemon, from Colossae or Lycus Valley Theological Summary: The author of the letter to Philemon is identified in the text as the Apostle Paul (vs. 1, 9, 19), and there are presently no serious challenges to genuine Pauline authorship of the letter among either conservative or liberal interpreters. The letter to Philemon is commonly […]

Philippians

Epistle of Paul to the Philippians

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 61 C.E. Time period: first imprisonment of Paul Author: the Apostle Paul Location of author: Rome (majority view), Ephesus or Caesarea (minority view) Target audience and their location: largely non-Jewish Believers in Philippi Theological Summary: The letter to the Philippians is commonly classified among the Prison Epistles (also including Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon). Genuine Pauline authorship of Philippians has not been substantially challenged by either conservatives or liberals, per the many personal references witnessed in this letter (even though the latter may argue that some sections […]

Ephesians

Epistle of Paul Called “Ephesians”

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 60-62 C.E. Time period: season of great expansion of the gospel among those needing encouragement Author: the Apostle Paul Location of author: Rome Target audience and their location: Jewish and non-Jewish Believers in Asia Minor, and eventually Ephesus Theological Summary: The letter that has come to be known as “Ephesians” has been traditionally classified among the Prison Epistles (also including Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon). The Epistle of Ephesians has a significant amount of controversy associated with it, as there are issues surrounding its intended audience, its […]

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