Titus

Epistle of Paul to Titus

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 63-65 C.E. Time period: growing pains of new Messiah followers in Mediterranean basin Author: the Apostle Paul with Luke (secretary) Location of author: Macedonia or Nicopolis Target audience and their location: Titus in Crete Theological Summary: The author of the Epistle to Titus is identified in the text as being the Apostle Paul (Titus 1:1). Genuine Pauline authorship is not challenged by conservatives, neither was it doubted by the Second Century Church. Pauline authorship is doubted by liberals, who often believe that Titus was composed by […]

1&2 Timothy

Second Epistle of Paul to Timothy

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 66-67 C.E. Time period: growth of Messianic community with rise of Paul’s successors, in the midst of some false teachings and apostasy, as well as rising persecution Author: the Apostle Paul with Luke (secretary) Location of author: Rome Target audience and their location: Timothy in Ephesus Theological Summary: The Epistle of 2 Timothy is regarded by conservative interpreters as being the final letter composed by the Apostle Paul, who knows that he is soon to die and meet his Lord in Heaven (2 Timothy 4:6-8, 18). […]

1&2 Timothy

First Epistle of Paul to Timothy

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 63-64 C.E. or 65-67 C.E. Time period: growth of Messianic community with rise of Paul’s successors, in the midst of some false teachings and apostasy Author: the Apostle Paul with Luke (secretary) Location of author: traveling to, or in Macedonia Target audience and location: Timothy in Ephesus Theological Summary: The Epistle of 1 Timothy is the first in a collection of three letters, also including 2 Timothy and Titus, which are frequently called the Pastoral Epistles, given their widespread attention to matters of congregational administration and […]

Philemon

Epistle of Paul to Philemon

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 60-62 C.E. Time period: Paul’s first imprisonment in Rome, during an era of runaway slaves Author: the Apostle Paul Location of author: Rome (majority), Ephesus or Caesarea (minority) Target audience and location: Philemon, from Colossae or Lycus Valley Theological Summary: The author of the letter to Philemon is identified in the text as the Apostle Paul (vs. 1, 9, 19), and there are presently no serious challenges to genuine Pauline authorship of the letter among either conservative or liberal interpreters. The letter to Philemon is commonly […]

2 Corinthians

Second Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: Winter 56 or 57 C.E. Time period: season of extreme growing pains for the Corinthian congregation, in the midst of many challenging Paul’s apostolic authority Author: the Apostle Paul Location of author: Macedonia or Ephesus Target audience and their location: Jewish and non-Jewish Believers in Corinth Theological Summary: The text that is often called 2 Corinthians is unanimously agreed by today’s conservatives and liberals to have been written by the Apostle Paul (1:1; 10:1), even though Timothy is listed as a co-sender (1:1). Perhaps unlike any […]

1 Corinthians

First Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 NOVEMBER, 2016 reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 52-55 C.E. Time period: season of extreme growing pains for the Corinthian congregation, in the midst of idolatry, immorality, and factionalism Author: the Apostle Paul Location of author: Ephesus/Asia Minor Target audience and their location: Jewish and non-Jewish Believers in Corinth Theological Summary: There is largely no controversy among either conservative or liberal interpreters that the Apostle Paul is the author of the first Epistle to the Corinthians. Paul is plainly identified as being the author in the text (1:1-2; 16:21), even […]

Appointed Times

Yom Kippur, Fasting

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 06 OCTOBER, 2008 Where is the command in Torah to fast on Yom Kippur? I thought it only said that we are to afflict our souls. The command to commemorate Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement appears several times in the Torah (Exodus 30:10; Leviticus 16:30; 23:27-28; Numbers 29:7-11), with each section of commandments giving specific details. One of those specific details—and arguably the most important—is listed in Leviticus 23:27: “it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls.” What does the clause v’innitem et-nafshoteikhem mean, exactly? The verb anah, appearing the Piel […]

FAQ

YHWH, Above the Cross

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 24 FEBRUARY, 2010 I heard a Messianic teacher say that the Divine Name YHWH was spelled out on the writing above Yeshua’s cross? Is this true? The Scriptures that are often made light of concerning this belief include Matthew 27:37, “And above His head they put up the charge against Him which read, ‘This is Yeshua the king of the Jews,’” and John 19:19, “Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, ‘Yeshua the Nazarene, the king of the Jews’” (cf. Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38). What we know for certain from the Gospels […]

FAQ

YHWH/YHVH

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 18 DECEMBER, 2006 Are you against using the proper name of God? Are you for using it? The strong aversion to using the name of God in Judasim today is that there is no complete way for us to know how to pronounce it. Scholars have debated for centuries over the exact pronunciation of God’s name, based on available linguistic evidence and testimonies from ancient history. But all that anyone can provide is a best guess. “In the earliest Hebrew the sacred name appeared as a four-letter word or tetragrammaton: YHWH, without any vowel signs. Since the vowels were […]

FAQ

Wrath, spared from

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 16 JANUARY, 2006 How do you, as a post-tribulational ministry, respond to the fact that we are spared from God’s wrath? Does this not mean that we are spared from the horrors of the Tribulation period? No one can deny the clear Biblical reference of 1 Thessalonians 5:9: “For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Yeshua the Messiah.” Neither this, nor other passages such as Romans 5:9 are in dispute by us as post-tribulationists. However, it is important that we determine what the wrath of God is, something very few pre-tribulationists […]

FAQ

Works of the Law

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 28 SEPTEMBER, 2012 I have heard a teaching which stated that the term “works of the Law” actually refers to Rabbinical extra-Biblical commandments? Is there any substantiation for this? This entry has been reproduced from the paperback edition of Galatians for the Practical Messianic The Apostle Paul’s usage of the term “works of law” three times in Galatians 2:16 is the first usage of ergōn nomou in the Apostolic Scriptures. “Works of law” is used a total of six times in Galatians (2:16; 3:2, 5, 10), and is only used elsewhere in his letter to the Romans (3:20, 28). […]

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