Hosea

Book of Hosea

31 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Tanach for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 755-715 B.C.E. (Right, conservative-moderate); 700s-600s B.C.E. (Left) Time period: impending calamity on the Northern Kingdom via Assyria Author(s): Hosea and/or a close associate (Right, conservative-moderate); followers of Hosea, writers and editors (Left) Location of prophet/author(s): Northern Kingdom of Israel (Right, some conservative-moderate); somewhere in the Land of Israel (some conservative-moderate, Left) Target audience and their location: Northern Kingdom Israelites prior to the Assyrian exile (Right, conservative-moderate; some Left); Southern Kingdom Israelites after the conquering of the Northern Kingdom (some Left) Theological Summary: The Book of Hosea is […]

Colossians

Elements of the World (Galatians 4:3, 9; Colossians 2:8, 20)

31 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 18 MARCH, 2009 I have heard that the Torah actually composes the “elemental things of the world”? Is there any truth to this claim? The specific clause ta stoicheia tou kosmou—“the elemental things/spirits of the world”—appears in full in Galatians 4:3 and Colossians 2:8, followed by the shorter stoicheia in Galatians 4:9, and tōn stoicheiōn in Colossians 2:20. There is no single interpretation as to what this encompasses, agreed upon by all interpreters, as such “principles” could involve: (1) the ABCs of one’s religious observance, (2) what many of the ancients believed were the basic elements of the universe […]

FAQ

Ekklesia/Qahal (English word “church”)

31 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 07 SEPTEMBER, 2011 I have heard that there really is no such thing as “the Church” in Scripture, and that the Hebrew and Greek terms used in the Bible can support this. Can you help me with this issue? Some form of this summary appears in a wide array of articles and publications by Outreach Israel Ministries and Messianic Apologetics In the Apostolic Scriptures no reader can deny how ekklēsia is used as a term to define the Body of Messiah, and so by extension it is rendered as “church” in most English translations of the New Testament. But […]

Egalitarianism

Egalitarianism, Leads to Acceptance of Homosexuality

31 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 13 NOVEMBER, 2015 Does acceptance of an egalitarian ideology for men and women as co-leaders, inevitably lead to an acceptance of homosexuality and gay marriage? While many complementarians would voice considerable disapproval of egalitarians, who believe that in principle females can be ordained leaders and teachers in the Body of Messiah alongside of men, and that husbands and wives should be co-leaders of the family—many would recognize that a leveling of the field for both men and women does not at all open the door to, or for that matter require, an acceptance of homosexual practice and gay marriage. […]

Biblical Practices & Torah Observance

The Song of Moses and God’s Mission for His People

31 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 01 June, 2008 reproduced from the Messianic Spring Holiday Helper The emergence of a Messianic community that advocates, or at the very least, is more highly conscious of the promised restoration of Israel and the Hebraic Roots of the faith, asks questions that most as of today are not aware of—much less prepared to answer. Non-Jewish Believers, for example, entering into today’s Messianic movement and becoming Torah obedient, are not supposed to become Messianic so that they can feel “born again again.” They are also not designed to fill a void in people’s hearts that they feel has […]

Easter

Easter

28 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 23 OCTOBER, 2006 Do you celebrate Easter? Easter is a non-Biblical holiday that is not listed among the appointed times that God gave to His people in Leviticus 23. Because Easter is not listed as a holiday that has been ordained by the Lord, we do not celebrate it. The majority in the Messianic movement do not celebrate Easter because it is something that He has not commanded us to do. Many sincere Christians today observe Easter because in their minds they believe they are commemorating the resurrection of Yeshua the Messiah. We believe that the resurrection of our […]

FAQ

Dualism

27 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 1

POSTED 29 MARCH, 2011 Is it not true that the idea of an intermediate afterlife in Heaven or Hell is predicated on dualism? Is it not true that dualism was a philosophical view that originated with the Greeks, and not with Scripture? In much of today’s Messianic community, is it very easy for a leader or teacher to claim that a theological idea—particularly an accepted tenet of mainstream Christianity—is somehow “Hellenistic” or “Greek,” and simply by saying this people will reject it. What will often follow on the part of an audience is no critical thinking or analysis, but just […]

Appointed Times

Sadducees, Pharisees, and the Controversy of Counting the Omer

27 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 01 June, 2008 reproduced from Counting the Omer The season between Passover and Unleavened Bread, and the Feast of Weeks or Shavuot, can be one of the most difficult times for various persons and assemblies within the Messianic community. While this is supposed to be a very special and sacred time, a great number of debates certainly rage over Passover. Some of the most obvious debates among Messianics occur over the differences between Ashkenazic and Sephardic Jewish halachah. Do we eat lamb or chicken during the seder meal? What grains are “kosher for Passover”? Can egg matzos be […]

FAQ

Dreams and Visions

26 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 16 NOVEMBER, 2006 What is your position on dreams and visions? Joel 2:28 clearly tells us that in the Last Days the Lord will pour out His Spirit upon “all flesh/mankind,” but yet we also know that there will be intense deception and apostasy. Many have claimed to see visions, dreams, give prophecies, etc. of the Last Days outside that of the Biblical canon. Unfortunately for such individuals, most extra-Biblical prophecies of the end-times statistically do not come to pass, and many espoused “dreams or visions from God” are not Scripturally sound. While we do believe that God will […]

Ezekiel

Book of Ezekiel

26 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Tanach for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 593-573 B.C.E. (Right, some conservative-moderate); 500s B.C.E. (some conservative-moderate); 500s-300s B.C.E. (Left) Time period: hopeless Judah in exile Author(s): Ezekiel (Right; some conservative-moderate); Ezekiel and/or additional editors (some conservative-moderate); Ezekiel and/or anonymous writers and editors (Left) Location of prophet/author(s): Land of Israel, Jerusalem, and/or Babylon (Right, conservative-moderate); Babylon and/or Land of Israel (Left) Target audience and their location: Southern Kingdom Israelites at the beginning of the Babylonian exile (Right, some conservative-moderate, Left); Southern Kingdom Israelites during the Babylonian exile (some conservative-moderate, some Left); Southern Kingdom Israelites after the […]

Jeremiah

Book of Jeremiah

26 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Tanach for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 600s-500s B.C.E. (Right, some conservative-moderate); 500s B.C.E. (some conservative-moderate); 500s-300s B.C.E. (Left) Time period: the Southern Kingdom before and immediately after the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem Author: Jeremiah and/or Baruch (Right; some conservative-moderate); Baruch (some conservative-moderate); anonymous writers and editors (Left) Location of author: Land of Israel or Jerusalem (Right, conservative-moderate); Land of Israel, Jerusalem, and/or Babylon (Left) Target audience and their location: Southern Kingdom Israelites before the Babylonian exile (Right, some conservative-moderate, some Left); Southern Kingdom Israelites during the Babylonian exile (some conservative-moderate, some Left); Southern Kingdom […]

Appointed Times

Introducing the Biblical Appointments

25 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from Introduction to Things Messianic Why are holidays important? A holiday, as we call it in English, is defined by The American Heritage Dictionary as “A day on which custom or the law dictates a halt to ordinary business to commemorate or celebrate a particular event.” Another definition is very simply, “A holy day,” meaning a day set aside to remember something religious.[1] The holidays that we find in the Holy Scriptures give us a great opportunity as Believers to commemorate Biblical history and the work of our Messiah. In the opening verses of Leviticus 23, we are told, […]

Isaiah

Book of Isaiah

25 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Tanach for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 700s B.C.E. (Right, some conservative-moderate); 500s B.C.E. (some conservative-moderate); 500s-300s B.C.E. (Left) Time period: the Southern Kingdom of Judah preparing to see the Northern Kingdom of Israel/Ephraim fall to Assyria Prophet/author(s): Isaiah son of Amoz (Right); Isaiah son of Amoz and later editors (some conservative-moderate); Isaiah son of Amoz, “Deutero-Isaiah” (some conservative-moderate, some Left); Isaiah son of Amoz, “Deutero-Isaiah,” “Tritio-Isaiah” (some conservative-moderate, some Left) Location of author: Land of Israel or Jerusalem (Right, some conservative-moderate); Land of Israel, Jerusalem, and/or Babylon (some conservative-moderate, Left) Target audience and their […]

FAQ

Doctors, and Modern Medicine

25 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 16 NOVEMBER, 2006 I have encountered some teachings from Messianics which condemn the usage of modern medicine. What is your opinion on this? Do you have a problem with Believers consulting modern medical doctors? Those who do not consult medical doctors, be they Messianic or Christian, often do so from the theological presupposition that going to the doctor is a so-called “lack of faith,” and that all physical problems are likely caused by one’s spiritual condition. These beliefs or opinions are usually those of a small few, and do not by any means represent a majority in the Messianic […]

FAQ

Dietary Laws, Kosher

24 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 16 NOVEMBER, 2006 Do you believe that the dietary commandments of Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14 are still applicable to Believers? Messianic Believers think that in obedience to God we should follow the Biblical dietary commandments that He has laid out in His Word—and that they were not annulled by Yeshua the Messiah or the Apostles, nor in the vision of the Apostle Peter in Acts 10. Although eating kosher is not an issue of salvation, it is an area of belief where the Messianic movement does run contrary to the position of mainstream Christianity. For a further study […]

Biblical Practices & Torah Observance

Is Sunday “the Lord’s Day”?

21 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 28 July, 2002 reproduced from the Messianic Sabbath Helper It appears on countless church bulletins, newsletters, and is frequently referred to by many Christians, both Protestants and Catholics. It is “the Lord’s Day,” believed to be Sunday when most Christians believe that Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ) was resurrected from the dead.[1] Because of Yeshua resurrecting from the dead on this day, Christians assemble in worship, some to obey the Forth Commandment: “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy” (Exodus 20:8-11; Deuteronomy 5:12). Other Christians believe that the Fourth Commandment has been annulled and are of the […]

1&2 Samuel

Books of Samuel

21 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Tanach for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 970-800s B.C.E. (Right, some conservative-moderate); before 586 B.C.E. (some conservative-moderate, some Left); mid-to-late 500s B.C.E. (some Left) Time period: rise of Israel’s monarchy via the establishment of Kings Saul and David Author: Samuel (Right); Israel’s court historians and further editors (conservative-moderate); Israel’s court historians or an unknown exile from the Southern Kingdom (Left) Location of author: Land of Israel (Right, some conservative-moderate); Jerusalem, Babylon, and/or Land of Israel (some conservative-moderate, Left) Target audience and their location: people of Israel during the Davidic and/or Solomonic monarchy (Right, conservative-moderate); Jewish […]

FAQ

Dictionaries/Lexicons

21 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 16 NOVEMBER, 2006 Can you recommend any specific Hebrew and Greek dictionaries or lexicons I can use in my Bible studies? There are many varied Hebrew and Greek lexicons available, some of them are excellent, others are good, and then some are substandard. As a lay person, there are some which we recommend that you have that can be fairly easy to use without extensive Hebrew or Greek training. Two widely available Hebrew and Greek dictionaries, that you should have in your library, are Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (BDB) and Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (Thayer). […]

Judges

Book of Judges

20 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from A Survey of the Tanach for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 1000 B.C.E. (Right, some conservative-moderate); before 586 B.C.E. (some conservative-moderate; some Left); mid-to-late 500s B.C.E. (some Left) Time period: Israel living in the Promised Land without a king Author: Samuel (Right); Israel’s court historians and further editors (conservative-moderate); Israel’s court historians or an unknown exile from the Southern Kingdom (Left) Location of author: Land of Israel (Right, some conservative-moderate); Jerusalem, Babylon, and/or Land of Israel (some conservative-moderate, Left) Target audience and their location: people of Israel having subdued the Land of Canaan (Right, conservative-moderate); Jewish religious leaders during […]

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