Books & Studies

A Survey of the Tanach for the Practical Messianic

20 April, 2017 messianicapologetics 0

One of the major reasons that today’s Messianic movement has grown in the past decade is a significant interest by Believers in the Torah and the Tanach. In too many cases, the Tanach Scriptures were not probed in that great a detail in a Jewish Believer’s traditional Synagogue upbringing—and perhaps more serious, a non-Jewish Believer’s Christian experience often witnessed the Old Testament taking a back seat to the New Testament in the Church. With many of the ethical and moral controversies the greater Judeo-Christian religious community is experiencing in our age, a need for God’s people to return to a […]

Christology

Alef-Tav, Yeshua as the

17 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 20 SEPTEMBER, 2011 In what way is Yeshua the Messiah the Alef and the Tav? Some interesting teachings circulate around the Messianic movement about the first and last Hebrew letters, and their association with Yeshua. For a great number of Messianic people, Yeshua the Messiah being associated as the Alef and the Tav, is no different than how Christians see Jesus Christ as the Alpha and the Omega. The first and last Hebrew letters are alef and tav, just as the first and last Greek letters are alpha and ōmĕga. In a publication like the Hebrew Names Version of […]

Divine Name

Sacred Name Concerns

16 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 2

revised edition originally posted 03 February, 2004 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues How many of you have been in a Messianic religious setting as of late where you have heard someone use the words God, or Lord, or even Jesus Christ—and then someone gets up and publicly chastises the person? How many of you have been told that if you do not use Hebraic names and terms for the Father and the Son that your prayers will neither be heard nor answered? How many of you have seen people forget the love and compassion of our Savior, and whose faith […]

Aramaic Peshitta

Aramaic Peshitta

12 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 30 OCTOBER, 2011 What is your opinion of the Aramaic Peshitta New Testament? Do you think that the Peshitta New Testament might be more original than the Greek New Testament? The following entry has been adapted from the editor’s article, “The Hebrew New Testament Misunderstanding” It is not surprising, given some of the theological trends within our Messianic faith community, that many would be interested in the Aramaic Peshitta New Testament. Aramaic is a Semitic relative to Hebrew and was a local language of the Land of Israel during the time of Yeshua. It is historically accurate that an […]

Books & Studies

The New Testament Validates Torah

4 April, 2017 messianicapologetics 0

The New Testament Validates Torah is a study that all Messianic Believers need, especially in the current season of considerable growth and expansion in which our broad faith community finds itself. On the whole, today’s Messianic movement holds that the Torah or the Law of Moses remains valid instruction for God’s people, and that Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ) did not come to abolish or do away with it (Matthew 5:17-19). Yet throughout much of Christian history, many theologians have argued that the Law has been rendered inoperative, and/or that it was only to be followed by those in the […]

Bible Versions

English Bible Versions and Today’s Messianic Movement

2 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 12 May, 2013 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues What English Bible version should you use as a contemporary Believer? This is a topic that can not only be rather confusing, but is something that can also evoke some rather strong emotions. Very few English Bible readers, who are committed to a steadfast faith in God, ever stick with one single Bible version or translation to employ in their studies. At the same time, though, it might also be said that various Bible readers can get a bit too comfortable examining a particular version, because they just get too […]

Biblical Studies & Scriptural Reliability

The Hebrew New Testament Misunderstanding

2 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 2

originally posted 07 February, 2008 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues In our post-modern society, the veracity and authority of the Holy Scriptures have come under substantial attack and criticism from those supposedly inside the realm of Biblical faith. Many of those who claim a belief in the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and believe in His Son, Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ), question whether or not these writings are a Divinely inspired work, or are instead only a collection of texts compiled over the centuries prone to human error. The result of those who question the Creator God, and do […]

Biblical Studies & Scriptural Reliability

Is the Hebrew Matthew an Authentic Document?

2 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 6

originally posted 10 May, 2013 reproduced from the Messianic Torah Helper Among all of the texts of the Apostolic Scriptures or New Testament, today’s broad Messianic movement has some significant struggles when it comes to the composition of the Gospel of Matthew. There are various reasons for this, perhaps including Matthew’s length, the obvious connections and comparisons to be made between Matthew’s message and Second Temple Judaism, but above all this surrounds the original language in which Matthew was written. There is an attestation from ancient Christian history, that there was likely some kind of Hebrew material involved in the […]

FAQ

Cock/Rooster Crowing

29 March, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 01 JULY, 2014 I heard a Messianic teaching which advocated that it was not a “cock” or “rooster” crowing, which was supposed to make a noise after Peter denied Yeshua, but rather a Temple-crier functioning in his duties. This was used to support an original Hebrew New Testament. Can you help me with this? The reference to a cock or rooster crowing, in association with Peter’s denial of Yeshua, appears in all four Gospels: “And Yeshua said to him, ‘Truly I say to you, that this very night, before a rooster crows twice, you yourself will deny Me three […]

Hebrew

Composition of the Tanach (OT)

27 January, 2017 messianicapologetics 0

TORAH Genesis posted 10 October, 2016 Exodus posted 11 October, 2016 Leviticus posted 13 October, 2016 Numbers posted 14 October, 2016 Deuteronomy posted 17 October, 2016 NEVI’IM (PROPHETS) Joshua posted 18 October, 2016 Judges posted 20 October, 2016 Samuel posted 21 October, 2016 Kings posted 24 October, 2016 Isaiah posted 25 October, 2016 Jeremiah posted 26 October, 2016 Ezekiel posted 26 October, 2016 Hosea posted 31 October, 2016 Joel posted 01 November, 2016 Amos posted 02 November, 2016 Obadiah posted 03 November, 2016 Jonah posted 04 November, 2016 Micah posted 06 November, 2016 Nahum posted 07 November, 2016 Habakkuk posted […]

Bible Study

Tanach (OT) Survey

11 January, 2017 messianicapologetics 0

One of the major reasons that today’s Messianic movement has grown in the past decade is a significant interest by Believers in the Torah and the Tanach. In too many cases, the Tanach Scriptures were not probed in that great a detail in a Jewish Believer’s traditional Synagogue upbringing—and perhaps more serious, a non-Jewish Believer’s Christian experience often witnessed the Old Testament taking a back seat to the New Testament in the Church. With many of the ethical and moral controversies the greater Judeo-Christian religious community is experiencing in our age, a need for God’s people to return to a […]

FAQ

YHWH, Above the Cross

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 24 FEBRUARY, 2010 I heard a Messianic teacher say that the Divine Name YHWH was spelled out on the writing above Yeshua’s cross? Is this true? The Scriptures that are often made light of concerning this belief include Matthew 27:37, “And above His head they put up the charge against Him which read, ‘This is Yeshua the king of the Jews,’” and John 19:19, “Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, ‘Yeshua the Nazarene, the king of the Jews’” (cf. Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38). What we know for certain from the Gospels […]

Ancient Israel

Torah Keeping for the Gerim/Sojourners in Ancient Israel

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 JUNE, 2010 How much of Torah were the gerim/sojourners expected to keep, when compared to the natives of Israel? The sojourner or ger[1] (also commonly rendered as “alien” or “foreigner” in various English Bibles), the plural being gerim, was an outsider who entered into the community of Ancient Israel, and was certainly of a different class than a foreign worker or mere passer-by. The ger was one who acknowledged Israel’s God, repudiated idolatry, but had no inheritance in the Promised Land. Perhaps one of the most well known gerim was Ruth the Moabitess, who is classicly known for […]

FAQ

Paul, Name of

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 07 AUGUST, 2010 Why do you call Rav Shaul the Apostle Paul? Paul, or Paulos, as it appears in the Greek, is the name that the Apostle most frequently calls himself in his letters. Shaul or “Saul” was the original name given to this Jew who was born in the city of Tarsus. Like many Jews of the First Century, he was given two names: one Hebrew or Aramaic, and then another Greek or Latin. This is plainly attested by Acts 13:9 which speaks of “Saul, who was also known as Paul” (NASU). It is not incorrect to refer […]

FAQ

New Testament, Written in Hebrew

26 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 23 AUGUST, 2011 Do you believe that the New Testament was originally written in Hebrew? It seems that many within today’s Messianic movement believe the New Testament was written in Hebrew, but they lack substantial proof for this. The following entry has been adapted from the editor’s article, “The Top Ten Urban Myths of Today’s Messianic Movement” There has been a great deal of misinformation circulating throughout the broad Messianic movement that relates to the composition of the Bible, particularly the Apostolic Scriptures or the New Testament. Asserting that the Apostolic Scriptures were written in Hebrew, when no extant […]

FAQ

Liturgy, Hebrew

25 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 22 OCTOBER, 2008 What do you think about the use of Hebrew liturgy in Messianic congregations? There are generally two extremes that one encounters among Messianic congregations as it relates to Hebrew liturgy: (1) those who rely on liturgy exclusively, and (2) those who see no value in liturgy at all. Those who rely on liturgy exclusively for prayers and worship are those that often embrace a strictly Orthodox Jewish style of halachah, whereas those who often see no value in liturgy are largely influenced by charismatic and/or Pentecostal Christianity. Any cursory examination of Second Temple Judaism will reveal […]

FAQ

Jots and Tittles

23 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 05 SEPTEMBER, 2011 I heard a Messianic teaching that dealt with “jots and tittles” in the Hebrew text of the Bible. It claimed that these markings were written by Moses, and that Yeshua actually referred to them in Matthew 5:17-19. Is there any validity to this teaching? In the Hebrew texts of the Scriptures that exist today, there are various notation marks above, to the side of, or underneath various words and letters. There are some Messianic teachers[1] who believe that these marks are what Yeshua was referring to, when He said that “not the smallest letter or stroke […]

FAQ

Jesus, Pagan Name

22 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSED 23 AUGUST, 2011 I have encountered many, many Messianic people who claim that the English name “Jesus” is of pagan origins. Does this have any substantial basis to it? I am an intelligent person, and I do know that the Messiah did not speak English, and that “Jesus” is not what He was originally called. The following entry has been adapted from the editor’s article, “Sacred Name Concerns” There is some controversy across parts of the Messianic movement, surrounding the name that history and the majority of English speaking people know Him by: Jesus Christ. Most Sacred Name Only […]

FAQ

JEDP Hypothesis

22 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 21 OCTOBER, 2008 What do I do when I encounter the JEDP documentary hypothesis in various books and materials? I am confused about what to do. The JEDP documentary hypothesis has been around since the 1860s, primarily accredited to the publication of Julius Wellhausen’s book Prolegomena to the History of Israel. As Messianic Biblical Studies improves, being aware of it more and more, and the affects that it has had in the interpretation of various parts of the Torah, will come into focus. The 2004 Jewish Study Bible (Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler, eds., Oxford: Oxford University Press)—which […]

FAQ

Hebrew Versus Greek Mindset

13 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 2

UPDATED 08 JUNE, 2006 I saw a teaching that discussed the “Hebrew versus Greek mindset.” What does this mean? There has been some teaching going around the Messianic community on the subject of the “Hebrew versus Greek mindset,” and unfortunately as we have observed there is usually a vague definition of both sets of thinking and some people get the impression that when “Greek thinking” is demeaned that likewise the inspiration of the Greek New Testament is demeaned. As these teachings vary, we find it very difficult to pinpoint an exact answer for the reader. The most serious concern we […]

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