Divine Name

Sacred Name Concerns

16 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 2

revised edition originally posted 03 February, 2004 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues How many of you have been in a Messianic religious setting as of late where you have heard someone use the words God, or Lord, or even Jesus Christ—and then someone gets up and publicly chastises the person? How many of you have been told that if you do not use Hebraic names and terms for the Father and the Son that your prayers will neither be heard nor answered? How many of you have seen people forget the love and compassion of our Savior, and whose faith […]

Aramaic Peshitta

Aramaic Peshitta

12 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 30 OCTOBER, 2011 What is your opinion of the Aramaic Peshitta New Testament? Do you think that the Peshitta New Testament might be more original than the Greek New Testament? The following entry has been adapted from the editor’s article, “The Hebrew New Testament Misunderstanding” It is not surprising, given some of the theological trends within our Messianic faith community, that many would be interested in the Aramaic Peshitta New Testament. Aramaic is a Semitic relative to Hebrew and was a local language of the Land of Israel during the time of Yeshua. It is historically accurate that an […]

Books & Studies

The New Testament Validates Torah

4 April, 2017 messianicapologetics 0

The New Testament Validates Torah is a study that all Messianic Believers need, especially in the current season of considerable growth and expansion in which our broad faith community finds itself. On the whole, today’s Messianic movement holds that the Torah or the Law of Moses remains valid instruction for God’s people, and that Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ) did not come to abolish or do away with it (Matthew 5:17-19). Yet throughout much of Christian history, many theologians have argued that the Law has been rendered inoperative, and/or that it was only to be followed by those in the […]

Bible Versions

English Bible Versions and Today’s Messianic Movement

2 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 12 May, 2013 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues What English Bible version should you use as a contemporary Believer? This is a topic that can not only be rather confusing, but is something that can also evoke some rather strong emotions. Very few English Bible readers, who are committed to a steadfast faith in God, ever stick with one single Bible version or translation to employ in their studies. At the same time, though, it might also be said that various Bible readers can get a bit too comfortable examining a particular version, because they just get too […]

Biblical Studies & Scriptural Reliability

The Hebrew New Testament Misunderstanding

2 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 2

originally posted 07 February, 2008 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues In our post-modern society, the veracity and authority of the Holy Scriptures have come under substantial attack and criticism from those supposedly inside the realm of Biblical faith. Many of those who claim a belief in the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and believe in His Son, Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ), question whether or not these writings are a Divinely inspired work, or are instead only a collection of texts compiled over the centuries prone to human error. The result of those who question the Creator God, and do […]

Biblical Studies & Scriptural Reliability

Can We Trust the Greek Scriptures?

2 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

revised edition originally posted 14 August, 2005 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues It is indeed phenomenal that in our day many Jewish people have come to faith in Israel’s Messiah, Yeshua. It is also indeed quite phenomenal that many non-Jewish Believers are coming to a revelation of the Hebraic Roots of the faith, are adopting a Torah obedient lifestyle, and are seeing themselves as a part of the community of Israel, in solidarity with the Jewish people. But as with any move of God, there are concerns that exist—concerns that sometimes wrench at the heart and soul of what we should […]

Biblical Studies & Scriptural Reliability

Is the Hebrew Matthew an Authentic Document?

2 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 6

originally posted 10 May, 2013 reproduced from the Messianic Torah Helper Among all of the texts of the Apostolic Scriptures or New Testament, today’s broad Messianic movement has some significant struggles when it comes to the composition of the Gospel of Matthew. There are various reasons for this, perhaps including Matthew’s length, the obvious connections and comparisons to be made between Matthew’s message and Second Temple Judaism, but above all this surrounds the original language in which Matthew was written. There is an attestation from ancient Christian history, that there was likely some kind of Hebrew material involved in the […]


Composition of the Apostolic Scriptures (NT)

27 January, 2017 messianicapologetics 0

GOSPELS AND ACTS Gospel of Mark posted 26 November, 2016 Gospel of Matthew posted 27 November, 2016 Gospel of Luke posted 27 November, 2016 Book of Acts posted 27 November, 2016 Gospel of John posted 27 November, 2016 GENERAL EPISTLES Epistle of James posted 27 November, 2016 First Epistle of Peter posted 27 November, 2016 Second Epistle of Peter posted 27 November, 2016 Epistle of Jude posted 27 November, 2016 First Epistle of John posted 27 November, 2016 Second Epistle of John posted 27 November, 2016 Third Epistle of John posted 27 November, 2016 PAULINE EPISTLES Epistle of Paul to the […]

Bible Study

Apostolic Scriptures (NT) Survey

11 January, 2017 messianicapologetics 0

As a Messianic Believer, do you have a problem reading the New Testament? When you read the Apostolic Scriptures, are you confused when you encounter the Gospels, Acts, or Epistles? Have you possibly been taught that the “New Testament” replaces the “Old Testament,” and that there are contradictions between the two, only to be reconciled by the coming of Yeshua? Do you have difficulty reconciling the words of the Torah to Yeshua, Peter, Paul, John, and the other Apostles? If you have ever asked any of these questions, it is time that you receive a re-introduction to the Apostolic Scriptures. […]


Septuagint (LXX)

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 17 AUGUST, 2006 Why do you consult the Septuagint frequently? The Septuagint (LXX) is the ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, dating at least two centuries before the First Coming of Yeshua. It was originally compiled for the Jewish community in Alexandria, and quickly became the authorized Scriptures of Diaspora Judaism. The Septuagint largely represents a Pharisaic style of theology, halachah, and messianic expectation, and clarifies many things in the Tanach where the Hebrew may be imprecise or vague. As should be expected, there are some distinct theological interjections into the text, as it is not a “word-for-word” […]


Romans 10:4

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 17 MAY, 2011 How can you say that the Law of Moses is still to be followed by Christians today, when it is quite clear that Jesus terminated the Law, being its end? This entry has been reproduced from the paperback edition of The New Testament Validates Torah Pastor: Romans 10:4: Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes. “For Messiah is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.” Many people read Romans 10:4, as it appears in most English Bible versions, and view it as being definitive evidence that […]


Paul, Name of

27 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 07 AUGUST, 2010 Why do you call Rav Shaul the Apostle Paul? Paul, or Paulos, as it appears in the Greek, is the name that the Apostle most frequently calls himself in his letters. Shaul or “Saul” was the original name given to this Jew who was born in the city of Tarsus. Like many Jews of the First Century, he was given two names: one Hebrew or Aramaic, and then another Greek or Latin. This is plainly attested by Acts 13:9 which speaks of “Saul, who was also known as Paul” (NASU). It is not incorrect to refer […]


New Testament, Written in Hebrew

26 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 23 AUGUST, 2011 Do you believe that the New Testament was originally written in Hebrew? It seems that many within today’s Messianic movement believe the New Testament was written in Hebrew, but they lack substantial proof for this. The following entry has been adapted from the editor’s article, “The Top Ten Urban Myths of Today’s Messianic Movement” There has been a great deal of misinformation circulating throughout the broad Messianic movement that relates to the composition of the Bible, particularly the Apostolic Scriptures or the New Testament. Asserting that the Apostolic Scriptures were written in Hebrew, when no extant […]


Is Being “Taken” Always a Good Thing?

24 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 1

revised edition originally posed 05 October, 2005 reproduced from When Will the Messiah Return? What is truly meant in the Scriptures by “one will be taken, and one will be left” in what many consider to be “rapture” passages? Is this being “taken” a good thing, or a bad thing? Is it a being “taken” into the clouds to meet the Lord, or is it a being “taken” to judgment? The Verses to Discuss The primary verses to discuss in relation to “one will be taken, one will be left,” are Matthew 24:37-42 and Luke 17:34-37. These verses are translated […]


Jesus, Pagan Name

22 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSED 23 AUGUST, 2011 I have encountered many, many Messianic people who claim that the English name “Jesus” is of pagan origins. Does this have any substantial basis to it? I am an intelligent person, and I do know that the Messiah did not speak English, and that “Jesus” is not what He was originally called. The following entry has been adapted from the editor’s article, “Sacred Name Concerns” There is some controversy across parts of the Messianic movement, surrounding the name that history and the majority of English speaking people know Him by: Jesus Christ. Most Sacred Name Only […]


Hebrew Versus Greek Mindset

13 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 2

UPDATED 08 JUNE, 2006 I saw a teaching that discussed the “Hebrew versus Greek mindset.” What does this mean? There has been some teaching going around the Messianic community on the subject of the “Hebrew versus Greek mindset,” and unfortunately as we have observed there is usually a vague definition of both sets of thinking and some people get the impression that when “Greek thinking” is demeaned that likewise the inspiration of the Greek New Testament is demeaned. As these teachings vary, we find it very difficult to pinpoint an exact answer for the reader. The most serious concern we […]


God and Lord, Pagan Titles

9 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 26 JUNE, 2008 Why does your ministry use the terms “God” and “Lord” for YHWH, when these are well documented terms used in ancient paganism? It is notable that many people who use the Divine Name in sectors of the Messianic movement tend to forget that our Father has many titles that are used complimentary and independently of the name YHWH. In the Hebrew Scriptures, the most notable titles that are used are Elohim and Adonai. In the Greek Scriptures, their counterparts are Theos and Kurios. These titles in English correspond to “God” and “Lord.” Sacred Name Only advocates […]

Biblical Practices & Torah Observance

Torah As Constitution

1 November, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

revised edition posted 07 August, 2005 reproduced from the Messianic Torah Helper In our generation, we have witnessed a profound growth and expansion of the Messianic movement. Not only have many Jewish people come to a saving knowledge of Yeshua the Messiah, but many non-Jewish Believers have embraced the richness of their Hebraic Roots and heritage in Israel. Many Believers are undeniably awakening to the deep truths of the Torah. Each of us must be disciplined in our Bible study as we apply the Torah’s mitzvot or commandments to our lives. We must seek to have a healthy reading of […]


Ekklesia/Qahal (English word “church”)

31 October, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 07 SEPTEMBER, 2011 I have heard that there really is no such thing as “the Church” in Scripture, and that the Hebrew and Greek terms used in the Bible can support this. Can you help me with this issue? Some form of this summary appears in a wide array of articles and publications by Outreach Israel Ministries and Messianic Apologetics In the Apostolic Scriptures no reader can deny how ekklēsia is used as a term to define the Body of Messiah, and so by extension it is rendered as “church” in most English translations of the New Testament. But […]

Books & Studies

What Does “Under the Law” Really Mean?

29 September, 2016 messianicapologetics 0

One of the reasons why there can be problems between Christians and Messianics is because many Messianics do not know how to properly defend their faith and practice. This is most evident when Christians who oppose the widespread Messianic conviction that the Torah or Law of Moses is valid instruction for today, claim that we are “under the Law”—and that this is not a position in which born again Believers should want to find themselves. Sadly, much of the Messianic handling of this one phrase has been rather underwhelming. We must be able to better see how it is used […]

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