FAQ

Cheese, Kosher

10 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 12 SEPTEMBER, 2014 What is the whole issue of eating cheese that is “kosher”? One set of opinions I read says that most processed cheese is not kosher, and another set of opinions says most processed cheese is just fine. Curdling animal milk to make cheese is one of the oldest practices in human culinary history, and was something certainly found in the Ancient Near Eastern diet of Ancient Israel, as well as the Mediterranean diet of Second Temple Judaism and its Diaspora. While cheeses have been produced by the Jewish community for centuries, the issue of procuring cheese […]

Chanukah

Chanukah, Nine-Branched Menorah

9 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 09 DECEMBER, 2009 Why is there a nine-branched menorah used for Chanukah, when there was a seven-branched menorah used in the Temple? By and large in Judaism, there is a prohibition on recreating objects used in Tabernacle/Temple worship to be used in the local synagogue. This tradition developed during the time when the Temple was still in operation, and the synagogue was largely a place of assembly for teaching. As Chanukah developed as a holiday, the chanukia was formulated as an emblem that looked substantially similar to the seven-branched menorah, but it was intended to be lit for eight […]

Chanukah

Chanukah, Eight Days of Oil

9 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 09 DECEMBER, 2009 Where can I find information about the menorah being lit for eight days, on one cruse of oil, following the Maccabees’ rededication of the Temple? The Maccabees drove the Seleucids out of the Land of Israel in the month of Kislev 165 B.C.E., which is in about the month of December. They had the task of cleaning up the mess that the Seleucids had left, notably in the city of Jerusalem and in the Temple complex. Antiochus’ forces had completely ransacked the Temple and made it into a haven of idolatry. The Temple needed to be […]

Chanukah

Chanukah, Celebrated instead of Sukkot

8 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 09 DECEMBER, 2009 What can you tell me about the Feast of Dedication being celebrated in place of Sukkot by the Maccabees when they rededicated the Temple? When the Seleucid Greek invaders occupied the Land of Israel, it was forbidden for any of the Biblical holidays to be celebrated, possibly under the threat of death. Obviously, this would have included Sukkot or the Feast of Tabernacles. Many Jews continued to celebrate the appointed times in secret, or in some limited way without being caught. Some in the independent Messianic community, who largely frown on observing Chanukah, say that when […]

Chanukah

Chanukah, Actions of Antiochus

8 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 09 DECEMBER, 2009 In what way did Antiochus Epiphanes commit the “Abomination of Desolation”? I thought this was a future event. The event describing the desecration of the Temple by Antiochus, even though it actually was carried out by an Athenian senator (2 Maccabees 6:1), was in fulfillment of the Prophet Daniel’s words in Daniel 11:31: “Forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation.” It may seem confusing for us because the eschatological term that often describes “the Abomination of Desolation” in […]

FAQ

B’rit Chadashah

2 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 26 JUNE, 2006 Why do you not call the New Testament the B’rit Chadashah as some other Messianics do? There are several reasons why we as a ministry do not refer to the “New Testament” as the B’rit Chadashah, unlike many in the Messianic movement. First of all, the b’rit chadashah or “new covenant” is promised in Jeremiah 31. The text says, “‘Behold, days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the […]

FAQ

Breath of life, humans and animals

2 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 29 MARCH, 2011 If humans and animals have the “breath of life,” would it not seem logical that both experience the same kind of death? Reading in English that “of all that was on the dry land, all in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, died” (Genesis 7:22), it can be easy for some to conclude that both human beings and animals have the same “breath of life.” For the psychopannychist who advocates a monist anthropology that the human person is a creature entirely of this dimension, the Flood narrative of Genesis states that all […]

FAQ

Body-Brain-Consciousness Interaction

2 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 29 MARCH, 2011 To what degree do you think the human consciousness is reliant upon the body and the brain? Various forms of dualism found in much of Christianity over the centuries, have most definitely taken a few of their ques from Platonic dualism. Classically understood, the human soul was trapped inside of the prison of the body,[1] awaiting escape at the time of death. It could be thought that if the true person is something that is ultimately immaterial, then perhaps it is inconsequential how the “prison” of the body is really treated. Watching out for one’s health, […]

Christology

Birth of Yeshua

2 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 09 DECEMBER, 2009 When should Messianic Believers remember Yeshua’s birth? Almost all authorities are agreed that Yeshua the Messiah was not born on December 25, and that the choice of December 25 for Christmas was an arbitrary date in ancient history, giving former pagans an opportunity to remember something different than what they had previously observed. Today’s Messianics, recognizing the questionable origins and traditions associated with Christmas on December 25, will still often recognize that the birth of Yeshua, as principally recorded in Luke 2, is still an event worthy of remembering. But when should it be done? What […]

Appointed Times

Biblical Festivals

2 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 2

UPDATED 06 JUNE, 2011 Do you think that Christians should observe the feasts/appointed times, the moedim, of Leviticus 23? Our ministry encourages all Believers to keep the Biblical holidays that the Lord prescribed for His people in Leviticus 23, including: Passover, Unleavened Bread, Pentecost/Shavuot, Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, and Tabernacles. This would include the weekly seventh-day Sabbath, as it is listed as one of the appointed times. We are informed in Scripture that these appointed times of God, are “are a shadow of the things to come, but the substance belongs to Christ” (Colossians 2:17, ESV), meaning that we […]

Calendar

Biblical Calendar

1 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 20 JULY, 2011 What is your opinion with the various calendar issues that seem to be dividing the Messianic community? The new month, as originally specified by the Torah, was to be determined by the changing of the moon or chodesh. Genesis 1:14 states how God originally made the lights of the sky, as the means by which His people were to keep time: “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years.” Numbers 29:6[1] records how […]

Bible Versions

Bible Versions, Messianic

1 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 14 OCTOBER, 2012 I have seen a variety of Messianic Bible versions on the market. Is there any particular one that you recommend? What is your opinion of them? There are a wide variety of Bible versions available on the market, which to various degrees have been produced with a Messianic audience in mind. Some of them are good, and some of them are questionable, perhaps no different than the many Christian Bibles that are available today. Some of them represent a good, conservative theological position, and affirm foundational doctrines of the faith, and some of them skew foundational […]

Bible Versions

Bible Versions

1 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 2

UPDATED 03 OCTOBER, 2011 Is there any specific Bible version that you recommend that I use? I am new to the Messianic movement. Two valuable resources that we recommend if you are brand new to the Messianic movement, that you will probably find extremely helpful, are the Complete Jewish Bible translated by David H. Stern (Clarksville, MD: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1998) and the Hebrew-Greek Key New American Standard edited by Spiros Zodhiates (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 1994). The CJB will familiarize you with many of the Hebrew words and Hebraic terms used throughout the broad Messianic community, and the Hebrew-Greek […]

FAQ

Beards

1 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 01 MARCH, 2015 Do you believe that men should wear beards? It is not difficult for people to acknowledge how wearing beards (Heb. sing. zaqan), or facial hair in general, is quite commonplace among many male Jews. Many Jewish cultural features have been rooted within the instruction of Leviticus 19:27, “You shall not round off the side-growth of your heads nor harm the edges of your beard.”[1] There has been internal debate within Judaism what “the side-growth of your beard” (NJPS) actually means, though, with varied applications of this present among modern Jews.[2] Some interpret this command as relating […]

Babylon

Babylon

1 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 16 FEBRUARY, 2006 What do you think end-time Babylon is? There are various views and opinions among prophecy teachers, and likewise among Messianics, concerning what end-time “Babylon” is. These range from believing that end-time Babylon is the Roman Catholic Church, mainstream Christianity or today’s “Church system,” the United States of America, or a rebuilt Babylon in the Middle East. Some believe that “Babylon” is purely a system, whereas others believe that it is “just this” or “just that.” In Hebrew, the word translated “Babylon” is Bavel. BDB defines Bavel as “confuse, confound.”[1] Consequently, it should not be surprising that […]

Aramaic Peshitta

Aramaic Peshitta

27 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 30 OCTOBER, 2011 What is your opinion of the Aramaic Peshitta New Testament? Do you think that the Peshitta New Testament might be more original than the Greek New Testament? The following entry has been adapted from the editor’s article, “The Hebrew New Testament Misunderstanding” It is not surprising, given some of the theological trends within our Messianic faith community, that many would be interested in the Aramaic Peshitta New Testament. Aramaic is a Semitic relative to Hebrew and was a local language of the Land of Israel during the time of Yeshua. It is historically accurate that an […]

Anti-Semitism

Anti-Semitism, Luther

27 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 23 AUGUST, 2011 What can you tell me about the anti-Semitism of Martin Luther? Is it true that Luther said some ungodly things about the Jewish people, actually having advocated violence against them? The following entry has been adapted from the editor’s article, “The Top Ten Urban Myths of Today’s Messianic Movement” The need for radical change in the Medieval Church was recognized by many Catholic scholastics who saw the high level of corruption and political intrigue, at the expense of the work of helping the common people. Martin Luther had difficulty with the Catholic practice of selling indulgences, […]

Eschatology

Antimessiah, Makes or Confirms Agreement

27 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 10 APRIL, 2006 Do you believe that the antimessiah/antichrist makes or confirms the covenant with Israel? In recent years there has been a substantial amount of discussion of the premise that the antimessiah “signs a treaty with Israel” initiating the Seventieth Week, in light of some of the events that we have seen throughout the history of the Middle East peace process. As these are things that have yet to occur, we would like to present several plausible interpretations of how the Seventieth Week will begin from Daniel 9:27. In the KJV, Daniel 9:27a is translated as “he shall […]

Eschatology

Antimessiah/antichrist

27 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 17 APRIL, 2006 Who do you think the antimessiah/antichrist is? We believe that the man of lawlessness will be of Roman ancestry considering that the prophecy of Daniel 9:26 speaks of “the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary,” in reference to the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E. More than likely, this man will be European, but by no means can he be limited to Europe. The only way we will know whether or not a person is the antimessiah/antichrist is when he receives a deadly wound (Revelation 13:3, 12, […]

FAQ

Alcohol

26 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 12 SEPTEMBER, 2014 What is the appropriate way for me to approach the issue of drinking alcohol, not only in terms of Biblical ethics, but also in terms of the whole issue of “kosher”? In much of contemporary Christianity, there are ongoing debates between those who think that the Bible completely prohibits the consumption of alcohol, those who think that it is does not but that people should not drink alcohol, and those who think that the Bible permits people to drink alcohol in moderation.[1] It is undeniable from reading either the Hebrew or Greek Scriptures that wine was […]

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