Chanukah, Actions of Antiochus

1 September, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 09 DECEMBER, 2009 In what way did Antiochus Epiphanes commit the “Abomination of Desolation”? I thought this was a future event. The event describing the desecration of the Temple by Antiochus, even though it actually was carried out by an Athenian senator (2 Maccabees 6:1), was in fulfillment of the Prophet Daniel’s words in Daniel 11:31: “Forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation.” It may seem confusing for us because the eschatological term that often describes “the Abomination of Desolation” in […]



31 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 OCTOBER, 2015 I am very concerned about the wide number of Messianic men and women I see in their twenties and thirties (and even forties) who are unmarried. What are they going to do if they are unable to find a spouse? On the whole, today’s Messianic people—with various roots in both Judaism and evangelical Protestant Christianity—do not know what to do with the wide number of young men and women in their twenties, thirties, and forties who are unmarried often for legitimate reasons beyond their control. Many, for whatever reason, will either subconsciously or even consciously, conflate […]


Calvinist-Arminian Controversy

30 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 19 AUGUST, 2012 Does your ministry have a position on Calvinism or Arminianism? Hebrews 6:4-6, perhaps more than any other set of verses in this epistle, may be said to have had the most overall impact on theological discussions and debates outside this text. What does it mean concerning “those who have once been enlightened” who “have tasted the good word of God”? As many of you are probably aware, this is a strongly debated Scripture passage among Calvinists and Arminians in Protestant Christian theology pertaining to concepts such as predestination, the free will of human beings, and God’s […]


B’rit Chadashah

29 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 26 JUNE, 2006 Why do you not call the New Testament the B’rit Chadashah as some other Messianics do? There are several reasons why we as a ministry do not refer to the “New Testament” as the B’rit Chadashah, unlike many in the Messianic movement. First of all, the b’rit chadashah or “new covenant” is promised in Jeremiah 31. The text says, “‘Behold, days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the […]


Breath of life, humans and animals

26 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 29 MARCH, 2011 If humans and animals have the “breath of life,” would it not seem logical that both experience the same kind of death? Reading in English that “of all that was on the dry land, all in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, died” (Genesis 7:22), it can be easy for some to conclude that both human beings and animals have the same “breath of life.” For the psychopannychist who advocates a monist anthropology that the human person is a creature entirely of this dimension, the Flood narrative of Genesis states that all […]


Body-Brain-Consciousness Interaction

25 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 29 MARCH, 2011 To what degree do you think the human consciousness is reliant upon the body and the brain? Various forms of dualism found in much of Christianity over the centuries, have most definitely taken a few of their ques from Platonic dualism. Classically understood, the human soul was trapped inside of the prison of the body,[1] awaiting escape at the time of death. It could be thought that if the true person is something that is ultimately immaterial, then perhaps it is inconsequential how the “prison” of the body is really treated. Watching out for one’s health, […]

Ancient Israel

Two-House Teaching

24 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

COMPOSED 01 SEPTEMBER, 2012 Where does your ministry currently stand in regard to the Two-House teaching? Outreach Israel and Messianic Apologetics should not at all be considered a “Two-House” ministry, given the wide and diverse array of Biblical and theological topics we address, germane to the broad Messianic community. Our ministry serves people in Messianic Judaism, as well as in the One Law/One Torah sub-movement and in the Two-House sub-movement—as we consider and analyze a wide series of issues and subjects which are thought to be of importance to people in all of those different sub-communities. If our ministry choice […]


Birth of Yeshua

24 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 09 DECEMBER, 2009 When should Messianic Believers remember Yeshua’s birth? Almost all authorities are agreed that Yeshua the Messiah was not born on December 25, and that the choice of December 25 for Christmas was an arbitrary date in ancient history, giving former pagans an opportunity to remember something different than what they had previously observed. Today’s Messianics, recognizing the questionable origins and traditions associated with Christmas on December 25, will still often recognize that the birth of Yeshua, as principally recorded in Luke 2, is still an event worthy of remembering. But when should it be done? What […]


Birth Control

23 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 FEBRUARY, 2006 Do you believe it is wrong for Messianic Believers to practice birth control? Among some sectors of Messianic Believers are those who believe that it is Biblical for a husband and wife to have large families, beyond the average family size of 3-4 children. Scriptural support that is frequently given for this may include God’s command to Adam and Eve to “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it” (Genesis 1:28). While the Scriptures do encourage human beings to be fruitful, and for married couples to procreate, do they encourage procreation beyond one’s […]

Appointed Times

Biblical Festivals

22 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 06 JUNE, 2011 Do you think that Christians should observe the feasts/appointed times, the moedim, of Leviticus 23? Our ministry encourages all Believers to keep the Biblical holidays that the Lord prescribed for His people in Leviticus 23, including: Passover, Unleavened Bread, Pentecost/Shavuot, Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, and Tabernacles. This would include the weekly seventh-day Sabbath, as it is listed as one of the appointed times. We are informed in Scripture that these appointed times of God, are “are a shadow of the things to come, but the substance belongs to Christ” (Colossians 2:17, ESV), meaning that we […]


Biblical Faith, a Judaism

18 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 25 OCTOBER, 2011 I am a non-Jewish person involved in the Messianic movement. I get a little nervous when I see some Messianic Jews talk about how Biblical faith is Judaism. Do you think that Biblical faith is Judaism? From a strict textual perspective examining the Holy Scriptures, the concept of faith (Heb. emunah; Grk. pistis) has no real label—be that label Judaism, Christianity, Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, Catholic, Protestant, evangelical, charismatic, etc. At best, any labels that people have associated with their belief in God, the Holy Scriptures, and certain values and traditions they hold dear, are so that […]

Bible Versions

Bible Versions, Messianic

17 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 14 OCTOBER, 2012 I have seen a variety of Messianic Bible versions on the market. Is there any particular one that you recommend? What is your opinion of them? There are a wide variety of Bible versions available on the market, which to various degrees have been produced with a Messianic audience in mind. Some of them are good, and some of them are questionable, perhaps no different than the many Christian Bibles that are available today. Some of them represent a good, conservative theological position, and affirm foundational doctrines of the faith, and some of them skew foundational […]

Bible Versions

Bible Versions

16 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 2

UPDATED 03 OCTOBER, 2011 Is there any specific Bible version that you recommend that I use? I am new to the Messianic movement. Two valuable resources that we recommend if you are brand new to the Messianic movement, that you will probably find extremely helpful, are the Complete Jewish Bible translated by David H. Stern (Clarksville, MD: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1998) and the Hebrew-Greek Key New American Standard edited by Spiros Zodhiates (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 1994). The CJB will familiarize you with many of the Hebrew words and Hebraic terms used throughout the broad Messianic community, and the Hebrew-Greek […]



15 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 01 MARCH, 2015 Do you believe that men should wear beards? It is not difficult for people to acknowledge how wearing beards (Heb. sing. zaqan), or facial hair in general, is quite commonplace among many male Jews. Many Jewish cultural features have been rooted within the instruction of Leviticus 19:27, “You shall not round off the side-growth of your heads nor harm the edges of your beard.”[1] There has been internal debate within Judaism what “the side-growth of your beard” (NJPS) actually means, though, with varied applications of this present among modern Jews.[2] Some interpret this command as relating […]



12 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 16 FEBRUARY, 2006 What do you think end-time Babylon is? There are various views and opinions among prophecy teachers, and likewise among Messianics, concerning what end-time “Babylon” is. These range from believing that end-time Babylon is the Roman Catholic Church, mainstream Christianity or today’s “Church system,” the United States of America, or a rebuilt Babylon in the Middle East. Some believe that “Babylon” is purely a system, whereas others believe that it is “just this” or “just that.” In Hebrew, the word translated “Babylon” is Bavel. BDB defines Bavel as “confuse, confound.”[1] Consequently, it should not be surprising that […]


Apocrypha, Versions of

10 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 01 JANUARY, 2006 I know that the Apocrypha is not considered canonical Scripture by Jews or Protestants, but I am interested in finding a suitable modern English translation to use for reference. Which one(s) can you recommend? There are five main versions of the Apocrypha included with some major Bible versions that our ministry employs in our research. These include the following in the order of their publication, along with a brief description of the Bible they are included with. This same order happens to be the order in which we generally use them for study: Revised Standard Version […]



9 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 14 AUGUST, 2006 What is your position concerning the Apocrypha? Protestants do not consider the books of the Apocrypha to be canonical because Jews do not consider them to be canonical. Jews do not consider these books to be canonical because the principal copies we have of them are written in Greek, and not Hebrew, and were an adjunct part of the Septuagint. The Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Anglican traditions, however, do consider these books to be canonical. The principal books of the Apocrypha include: 3 Esdras 4 Esdras Tobit Judith The Additions to Esther Wisdom Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) […]

Eternal Punishment

Annihilationism (eternal punishment)

3 August, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 23 FEBRUARY, 2010 Do you believe that the condemned suffer eternal torment in the Lake of Fire or are destroyed? We believe that the condemned who do not receive Yeshua the Messiah as their Personal Savior will spend a conscious eternity separated from God. This period will be never-ending and is described all throughout Scripture by a number of descriptions such as separation, outer darkness, torment, banishment, etc. It is possible that Biblical language describing fire and smoke in the Lake of Fire may be figurative, or would only be part of the scenery of the dimension that those […]


Acts 15:19-21

27 July, 2016 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 24 SEPTEMBER, 2014 This entry has been reproduced from the entry appearing in the Messianic Kosher Helper   How are today’s Messianic people to approach the Apostolic decree of Acts 15:19-21? Specifically, I really need help in applying v. 21, “For Moses from ancient generations has in every city those who preach him, since he is read in the synagogues every Sabbath.”   “Therefore it is my judgment that we do not trouble those who are turning to God from among the Gentiles, but that we write to them that they abstain from things contaminated by idols and from […]

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