About J.K. McKee
J.K. McKee (B.A., University of Oklahoma; M.A., Asbury Theological Seminary) is the editor of Messianic Apologetics (www.messianicapologetics.net), a division of Outreach Israel Ministries (www.outreachisrael.net). He is a 2009 recipient of the Zondervan Biblical Languages Award for Greek. He is author of numerous books and commentaries, dealing with a wide range of topics that are important for today’s Messianic Believers.
Biblical Studies & Scriptural Reliability

Encountering Mythology: A Case Study from the Flood Narratives

19 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 1

originally posted 13 July, 2008 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues Believers today are facing a dilemma. Your average evangelical Christian is bombarded with information and perspectives, which a short ten years ago were not necessarily present in significant numbers in the religious world.[1] With the continuing expansion of the Internet, cable television, and even printed media, Christians are having to consider points of view regarding well-cherished accounts in the Tanach or Old Testament which they have never really had to consider before. While parallels between the Bible and Ancient Near Eastern (ANE) mythology have always been discussed in academic circles, or […]

Ancient Israel

Addressing the Frequently Avoided Issues Messianics Encounter in the Torah

19 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 04 September, 2008 reproduced from the Messianic Torah Helper Focusing on God’s instructions in the Torah is an undeniable part of not only the Messianic lifestyle, but also the Messianic experience. Ever since the return of the Jewish exiles from Babylon, the public reading of the Torah to instruct God’s people on what was acceptable and unacceptable behavior has been a regular practice (Nehemiah 7:73-8:12). This is something that is also witnessed in the Apostolic Scriptures (Luke 4:16-17; Acts 13:15) and continues in the traditions of today’s Jewish Synagogue. The repetition of hearing Moses’ Teaching is important for men […]


6,000 Year Teaching

19 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 2

POSTED 05 MARCH, 2015 How close do you believe we are to the Biblical year 6,000? Throughout the broad Messianic community, composing Messianic Judaism, the One Law/One Torah sub-movement, the Two-House sub-movement, and various Hebrew/Hebraic Roots associations—is a wide and firm adherence to the 6,000-year doctrine. This teaching advocates that there are 6,000 years allocated to human history, with six 1,000-year periods corresponding to the six “days” or yamim of Creation, with a seventh 1,000-year period representing the Sabbath and the Millennial Kingdom of the Messiah. With such a seventh 1,000-year period representing the Millennial reign of Yeshua, then the […]


Biblical Calendar

19 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 20 JULY, 2011 What is your opinion with the various calendar issues that seem to be dividing the Messianic community? The new month, as originally specified by the Torah, was to be determined by the changing of the moon or chodesh. Genesis 1:14 states how God originally made the lights of the sky, as the means by which His people were to keep time: “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years.” Numbers 29:6[1] records how […]

Bible Messages

The Message of Ecclesiastes

18 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 20 MARCH, 2017 reproduced from the Messianic Fall Holiday Helper The Book of Ecclesiastes is one of those texts of Scripture that people either find very uplifting, or very depressing. Some find it to be an encouraging word about their lives, and others find it to do nothing more than confirm all the negative things about human existence. If you have stayed away from Ecclesiastes in your Bible reading, not quite knowing what to do with it, then you are not alone. For over two millennia both Jews and Christians have been somewhat perplexed about this text of Scripture. […]


John 1:43-51

18 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 16 APRIL, 2017 This entry has been reproduced from the forthcoming book Salvation on the Line: The Nature of Yeshua and His Divinity “The next day He purposed to go into Galilee, and He found Philip. And Yeshua said to him, ‘Follow Me.’ Now Philip was from Bethsaida, of the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip found Nathanael and said to him, ‘We have found Him of whom Moses in the Law and also the Prophets wrote—Yeshua of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.’ Nathanael said to him, ‘Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?’ Philip said to him, […]


Daniel 7:9-14

18 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 16 APRIL, 2017 This entry has been reproduced from the forthcoming book Salvation on the Line: The Nature of Yeshua and His Divinity “I kept looking until thrones were set up, and the Ancient of Days took His seat; His vesture was like white snow and the hair of His head like pure wool. His throne was ablaze with flames, its wheels were a burning fire. A river of fire was flowing and coming out from before Him; thousands upon thousands were attending Him, and myriads upon myriads were standing before Him; the court sat, and the books were […]


Leviticus 18:5

18 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 30 SEPTEMBER, 2011 Does the Torah actually teach that by keeping its commandments, a person can earn eternal life? Is it possible for a person to keep the commandments of the Torah, and as a result incur eternal life and everlasting communion with the Father? There are those throughout Jewish and Christian religious history, and even to our present time, who have thought that Leviticus 18:5—“So you shall keep My statutes and My judgments, by which a man may live if he does them”—implies precisely this. There are certainly Christian interpreters, who would dispute this conclusion based on a […]


Romans 11:6

17 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from The New Testament Validates Torah Pastor: Romans 11:6: Grace is no longer on the basis of works. “But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace.” The pastor’s remark “Grace is no longer on the basis of works,” seems most out of place for people who are truly familiar with the overall Biblical narrative, reading the Scriptures holistically—because it seems to originate from the assumption that “grace” was something that people had to actually earn in the pre-resurrection era. Is our pastor trying to get his […]


Romans 7:4

17 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from The New Testament Validates Torah Pastor: Romans 7:4: We were made to die to the Law through the body of Christ. “Therefore, my brethren, you also were made to die to the Law through the body of Messiah, so that you might be joined to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, in order that we might bear fruit for God.” What is really being said by the pastor in the statement, “We were made to die to the Law…”? The implication that is probably asserted, offering Romans 7:4 as substantiation, is that the Apostle Paul […]



17 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 05 DECEMBER, 2015 I have heard some Messianic teachers say that Yeshua was not crucified on a cross. Can you clarify this for me? This entry has been adapted from Torah In the Balance, Volume II. On the whole in the religious world today, the cross has become almost universally recognized as a symbol that identifies people with Yeshua (Jesus) of Nazareth, as the One who was sacrificed for the sins of humanity, and subsequently resurrected from the dead. As seen in both the Apostolic Scriptures and classical antiquity, the stauros was mainly “a pole to be placed in […]

Appointed Times

Omer Count

16 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 1

UPDATED 25 FEBRUARY, 2010 Do you follow the method of the Pharisees or Sadducees for the counting of the omer to determine Shavuot? It seems that most in the independent Messianic movement follow the counting method of the Sadducees. The counting of the omer is commanded in Leviticus 23:11, “He shall wave the sheaf before the LORD for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it” (NASU). There were three distinct ways that this passage was interpreted among the Judaisms of the First Century: The Sadducees interpreted “the day after the Sabbath” to […]

Biblical Studies & Scriptural Reliability

You Want to Be a Pharisee

16 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 22 March, 2005 reproduced from the Messianic Torah Helper How many of you, in your quest to become Torah observant, have been accused by Christian friends or family of being a “Pharisee”?[1] How many of you have been told that you are being a hypocrite and should not only not be concerning yourself with God’s Torah, but you are falling into the same mistakes that others in the First Century Body of Messiah fell into, that the Apostle Paul countered in his epistles? Having the accusation of being a “Pharisee” is one that is not only commonly used […]

Biblical Practices & Torah Observance

The Third Commandment and the Divine Name

16 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 16 NOVEMBER, 2006 What is the significance and meaning of the Divine Name of God in light of the Third Commandment? When Christians today think about “the name of God,” a wide variety of possible meanings are often applied that may or may not have any root in the Scriptures.[1] When your average Christian typically thinks of God’s “name,” what he or she is actually thinking about are titles for the Supreme Deity, namely the terms “God” and “Lord.” While these titles are certainly important to respect in our conversations and reflections on the Almighty, they ultimately only describe […]

Divine Name

Sacred Name Concerns

16 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 2

revised edition originally posted 03 February, 2004 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues How many of you have been in a Messianic religious setting as of late where you have heard someone use the words God, or Lord, or even Jesus Christ—and then someone gets up and publicly chastises the person? How many of you have been told that if you do not use Hebraic names and terms for the Father and the Son that your prayers will neither be heard nor answered? How many of you have seen people forget the love and compassion of our Savior, and whose faith […]


Our Family Experiences Going Kosher

14 April, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 12 DECEMBER, 2016 by Margaret Huey I was born into a very typical American Southern Protestant family in the 1950s in the town of Annapolis, Maryland. My parents, Bill and Mary Ruth, were both from the Deep South (Alabama and Georgia, respectively), where food has always been an important part of daily living and family gatherings. I grew up to love this Southern cuisine from my childhood that always seemed to include pork or pork drippings in it! We ate pork chops, pork loins, ham steaks, ham hocks, pork sausage links, pork sausage patties, pork rolls, and, of course, […]

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