About J.K. McKee
J.K. McKee (B.A., University of Oklahoma; M.A., Asbury Theological Seminary) is the editor of Messianic Apologetics (www.messianicapologetics.net), a division of Outreach Israel Ministries (www.outreachisrael.net). He is a 2009 recipient of the Zondervan Biblical Languages Award for Greek. He is author of numerous books and commentaries, dealing with a wide range of topics that are important for today’s Messianic Believers.
FAQ

Tradition, Role that it plays

6 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 26 DECEMBER, 2005 What role, if any, do you believe tradition should play in our examination and application of Scripture, particularly the Torah? There is a wide variance of opinion in the emerging Messianic movement relating to what role, if any, tradition should play as we study and apply the Bible in our daily lives. This is particularly true regarding our individual pursuits of a Torah obedient lifestyle. How we follow the commandments of the Torah is a huge issue, and often the Torah itself gives us no explanation(s) of how various commandments are to be kept. The two […]

Biblical Practices & Torah Observance

Matthew 23:2-3: Who Sits in the Seat of Moses?

6 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 18 July, 2013 reproduced from the Messianic Torah Helper There is no doubting, that when one surveys much of the broad Messianic movement, that there are some significant issues which not only divide us, but which spur on some strong emotions. One passage in the Gospel of Matthew frequently stirs vehement emotions, from all sides of the theological and ideological spectrum: Matthew 23:2-3. These verses appear within a much larger section of Matthew’s Gospel, Matthew 23:1-36, which is hardly an easy passage for Bible readers to encounter and evaluate. For much of Christian history, even extending into the […]

Biblical Studies & Scriptural Reliability

Is the Hebrew Matthew an Authentic Document?

6 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 6

originally posted 10 May, 2013 reproduced from the Messianic Torah Helper Among all of the texts of the Apostolic Scriptures or New Testament, today’s broad Messianic movement has some significant struggles when it comes to the composition of the Gospel of Matthew. There are various reasons for this, perhaps including Matthew’s length, the obvious connections and comparisons to be made between Matthew’s message and Second Temple Judaism, but above all this surrounds the original language in which Matthew was written. There is an attestation from ancient Christian history, that there was likely some kind of Hebrew material involved in the […]

Matthew

Matthew 24:20

4 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 16 DECEMBER, 2016 reproduced from the Messianic Sabbath Helper “But pray that your flight will not be in the winter, or on a Sabbath.” Within the scope of examining Bible prophecy, there is a diversity of approaches to Yeshua’s Olivet Discourse, principally found in Matthew 24,[1] not just in terms of pre-millennialism (the view that the Messiah returns before His thousand-year Millennial reign), but some of other perspectives, notably including the preterist view that the “end-times” largely took place in the First Century C.E. via the fall of Jerusalem to the Romans. Pre-millennialists will largely recognize how the Olivet […]

Luke

Mark 3:1-6; Matthew 12:9-14; Luke 6:6-11

4 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 16 DECEMBER, 2016 reproduced from the Messianic Sabbath Helper “He entered again into a synagogue; and a man was there whose hand was withered. They were watching Him to see if He would heal him on the Sabbath, so that they might accuse Him. He said to the man with the withered hand, ‘Get up and come forward!’ And He said to them, ‘Is it lawful to do good or to do harm on the Sabbath, to save a life or to kill?’ But they kept silent. After looking around at them with anger, grieved at their hardness of […]

Luke

Mark 2:23-28; Matthew 12:1-8; Luke 6:1-5

4 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 16 DECEMBER, 2016 reproduced from the Messianic Sabbath Helper “And it happened that He was passing through the grainfields on the Sabbath, and His disciples began to make their way along while picking the heads of grain. The Pharisees were saying to Him, ‘Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?’ And He said to them, ‘Have you never read what David did when he was in need and he and his companions became hungry; how he entered the house of God in the time of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the consecrated bread, […]

Matthew

Gospel of Matthew

4 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 NOVEMBER, 2016 reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: early-to-mid 70s C.E., possibly into the 80s C.E. Time period: the conception/birth of Yeshua to the ascension of Yeshua Author: Matthew the disciple Location of author: Phoenicia, Transjordan, Alexandria, Syrian Antioch (all debated) Target audience and their location: the Jewish Diaspora, possibly Antioch Theological Summary: While Matthew is canonically listed as the first of the Gospels in the Apostolic Scriptures, there are a significantly large number of scholars and theologians who do not think that it was the first Gospel compiled. Yet, […]

Bible Messages

The Message of Revelation

2 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

Over the past few years as I have witnessed my skills as a Bible teacher improve—particularly my engagement with not only the Biblical languages of Hebrew and Greek, but also engagement with secondary and tertiary resources—I have found myself become increasingly nervous, if not perturbed, when people use the word “revelation.” There are many people who teach from the Scriptures, either in the Christian or Messianic world, who seldom engage with the Biblical text they intend to teach. Rather than allowing the Holy Spirit to prepare them, mold them, and guide them to the resources and with the tools such […]

Revelation

The Revelation Given to John

2 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 NOVEMBER, 2016 reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 50s-70s C.E. or 80s-90 C.E. Time period: deteriorating circumstances for the First Century Believers in the Roman Empire Author: the Apostle John Location of author: the island of Patmos Target audience and their location: the congregations of Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea (all in Asia Minor) Theological Summary: The Book of Revelation, perhaps more than any other text in the Apostolic Scriptures, is one of the most confusing, as well as controversial, for Bible readers to digest. Also commonly known […]

1&2 Thessalonians

The Message of 1&2 Thessalonians

2 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 20 MARCH, 2017 reproduced from 1&2 Thessalonians for the Practical Messianic a summary for Messianic teaching and preaching Daniel, Ezekiel, Revelation, Matthew 24, Zechariah: these are all the parts of Scripture that people commonly consider to be related to the phenomenon known as “Bible prophecy.”[1] Most of the attention that is given to those who examine the end-time themes of Scripture are often focused around these texts. But how many of you are aware that there are other books of the Bible that likewise have a prophetic message? How many of you consciously think about how the blessed hope […]

1&2 Thessalonians

Second Epistle of Paul to the Thessalonicans

2 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 NOVEMBER, 2016 reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 51-52 C.E. (maximum of six months after 1 Thessalonians) Time period: season of severe misunderstanding about the end-times Author: the Apostle Paul Location of author: Corinth Target audience and their location: Jewish and non-Jewish Believers in Thessalonica Theological Summary: The Apostle Paul claims to be the author of 2 Thessalonians, along with Silvanus and Timothy as co-senders (1:1). Genuine Pauline authorship of 2 Thessalonians tends to not be questioned by conservative examiners, but is often questioned by many liberals. The text of […]

1&2 Thessalonians

First Epistle of Paul to the Thessalonicans

2 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 NOVEMBER, 2016 reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 50-52 C.E. Time period: season of severe difficulty for a young assembly of Believers, with misunderstandings about the end-times Author: the Apostle Paul Location of author: Corinth Target audience and their location: Jewish and non-Jewish Believers in Thessalonica Theological Summary: The authorship of 1 Thessalonians is most certainly Pauline, indicated by the personal characteristics we see interspersed throughout the letter,[1] and comparison with other passages (3:1-2, 8-11; cf. Acts 15:36; 2 Corinthians 11:28). Pauline authorship of 1 Thessalonians is not severely challenged, […]

Eschatology & End-Time Prophecy

The End-Times: What Should We Expect?

2 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

revised edition originally posted 12 May, 2004 reproduced from Introduction to Things Messianic When a person becomes a new Believer in Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ) and embarks into his or her own study of the Scriptures, the individual has questions and is searching for answers, especially in regard to the end-times. A critical question asked by many who are searching is: “What should I expect?” One may confide is his or her friends or Bible teachers with various questions and inquiries, and in many cases may accept their views at face value. But after further examination, though, a Bible […]

Eschatology & End-Time Prophecy

Fifty Evidences for What?

1 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 31 MAY, 2017 reproduced from The Dangers of Pre-Tribulationism The reasons we have just provided in the previous chapter are only the common reasons given why pre-tribulationism is supposedly a valid belief. There are, of course, many more reasons that pre-tribulationists will supply. In this chapter, we respond to fifty specific supports given by the late John F. Walvoord (1910-2002) in his book The Rapture Question.[1] While we certainly recognize that we could address many more reasons, Walvoord’s position as former chancellor of Dallas Theological Seminary, and his vast influence over many other pre-tribulationists, speaks for itself. We have […]

Bible Messages

The Message of Hebrews

1 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 02 MARCH, 2017 reproduced from Hebrews for the Practical Messianic a summary for Messianic teaching and preaching The Epistle to the Hebrews is probably the second most difficult text of the Bible for today’s Messianic Believers to really understand.[1] As many have desired to recapture a forgotten emphasis on the Hebraic and Jewish Roots of our faith, Hebrews forces us to consider a part of the First Century world that many would like to think does not really exist: the Jewish Diaspora.[2] I remember when I purchased my leather bound edition of the Hebrew-Greek Key Study Bible back in […]

Hebrews

Hebrews 13:9-10

1 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 22 DECEMBER, 2016 reproduced from the Messianic Kosher Helper “Do not be carried away by varied and strange teachings; for it is good for the heart to be strengthened by grace, not by foods, through which those who were so occupied were not benefited. We have an altar from which those who serve the tabernacle have no right to eat.” Hebrews 13:9-10 is a frequently referenced passage, alongside of Mark 7, Acts chs. 10 and 11, Romans 14, Colossians 2:16-17, or 1 Timothy 4:1-5, to claim that the kosher dietary laws of the Torah are a thing of the […]

Hebrews

Hebrews 9:8-10

1 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 22 DECEMBER, 2016 reproduced from the Messianic Kosher Helper “The Holy Spirit is signifying this, that the way into the holy place has not yet been disclosed while the outer tabernacle is still standing, which is a symbol for the present time. Accordingly both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make the worshiper perfect in conscience, since they relate only to food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until a time of reformation.” Hebrews 9:8-10, and its mentioning of “foods” (brōmasin), is a frequently referenced passage in various Christian theological works as a support […]

Hebrews

Hebrews 4:1-10

1 June, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 18 DECEMBER, 2016 reproduced from the Messianic Sabbath Helper “Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. For we who have believed enter that rest, just as He has said, ‘As I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter My rest’ [Psalm 95:11], although His works were […]

Hebrews

Hebrews 10:9

31 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 12 JANUARY, 2017 reproduced from The New Testament Validates Torah Pastor: Hebrews 10:9: God takes away the first covenant to establish the second. “[T]hen He said, ‘BEHOLD, I HAVE COME TO DO YOUR WILL.’ He takes away the first in order to establish the second.” Our pastor makes light of Hebrews 10:9 and concludes, “God takes away the first covenant to establish the second.” As examined previously in our cross-examination of Hebrews 8:13 and the New Covenant (Hebrews 8:7-13; cf. Jeremiah 31:31-34), the New Covenant involves not only a permanent cleansing from sin but also a supernatural transcription of […]

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