About J.K. McKee
J.K. McKee (B.A., University of Oklahoma; M.A., Asbury Theological Seminary) is the editor of Messianic Apologetics (www.messianicapologetics.net), a division of Outreach Israel Ministries (www.outreachisrael.net). He is a 2009 recipient of the Zondervan Biblical Languages Award for Greek. He is author of numerous books and commentaries, dealing with a wide range of topics that are important for today’s Messianic Believers.
FAQ

Galatians 5:2-3

25 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 14 JULY, 2013 I have encountered a Messianic Jewish teaching that states that only the Jewish people are obligated to keep Torah, because they are circumcised. Is this what Galatians 5:2-3 really communicates? I am confused. “Behold I, Paul, say to you that if you receive circumcision, Messiah will be of no benefit to you. And I testify again to every man who receives circumcision, that he is under obligation to keep the whole Law” (Galatians 5:2-3). It is true that in various sectors of Messianic Judaism, particularly those which promote a bilateral ecclesiology of the Kingdom of God […]

Galatians

Galatians 4:8-11

25 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 18 DECEMBER, 2016 reproduced from the Messianic Sabbath Helper “However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature are no gods. But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again? You observe days and months and seasons and years. I fear for you, that perhaps I have labored over you in vain.” Paul’s letter to the Galatians is […]

Galatians

Galatians 3:24 & 25

25 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from The New Testament Validates Torah Pastor: Galatians 3:24: The Law is our tutor to lead us to Christ. “Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Messiah, so that we may be justified by faith.” The pastor we are examining is correct when he asserts, “The Law is our tutor to lead us to Christ,” citing Galatians 3:24 as evidence. The challenge with his assertion, though, is not in the need for the Torah’s instruction—and our widespread human inability to keep it—to reveal our sin and point us to the Messiah and the eternal redemption […]

Galatians

Galatians 2:16

25 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 12 JANUARY, 2017 reproduced from The New Testament Validates Torah Pastor: Galatians 2:16: By the works of the Law shall no flesh be justified. “[N]evertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Messiah Yeshua, even we have believed in Messiah Yeshua, so that we may be justified by faith in Messiah and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified.” The pastor correctly says, “By works of the Law shall no flesh be justified.” Whether we look at […]

Galatians

Epistle of Paul to the Galatians

25 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 NOVEMBER, 2016 reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 48-49 C.E. or 50-52 C.E. Time period: season of great confusion among many new non-Jewish Believers, and their integration into the community of faith Author: the Apostle Paul Location of author: Macedonia, Ephesus, or Antioch Target audience and their location: mostly non-Jewish Believers in the province/region of Galatia Theological Summary: Genuine Pauline authorship of the Epistle to the Galatians is something that all conservative and liberal examiners today accept. The message of Galatians, the exact audience of the Galatians, and some of […]

Romans

Romans 14

24 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 18 DECEMBER, 2016 reproduced from the Messianic Sabbath Helper Now accept the one who is weak in faith, but not for the purpose of passing judgment on his opinions. One person has faith that he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats vegetables only. The one who eats is not to regard with contempt the one who does not eat, and the one who does not eat is not to judge the one who eats, for God has accepted him. Who are you to judge the servant of another? To his own master he stands or […]

Romans

Romans 10:4

24 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 12 JANUARY, 2017 reproduced from The New Testament Validates Torah Pastor: Romans 10:4: Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes. “For Messiah is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.” Many people read Romans 10:4, as it appears in most English Bible versions, and view it as being definitive evidence that the Torah is no longer relevant to be followed. Our pastor’s claim that “Christ is the end of the law…” is quite frequent in discussion between Christians, Messianics, and Jews relating to the position that the Law of […]

Romans

Romans 7:4

24 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

reproduced from The New Testament Validates Torah Pastor: Romans 7:4: We were made to die to the Law through the body of Christ. “Therefore, my brethren, you also were made to die to the Law through the body of Messiah, so that you might be joined to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, in order that we might bear fruit for God.” What is really being said by the pastor in the statement, “We were made to die to the Law…”? The implication that is probably asserted, offering Romans 7:4 as substantiation, is that the Apostle Paul […]

Romans

Romans 6:14

24 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 12 JANUARY, 2017 reproduced from The New Testament Validates Torah Pastor: Romans 6:14: We are not under law, but under grace. “For sin shall not be master over you, for you are not under law but under grace.” On the basis of passages such as Romans 6:14, many Christian theologians and Bible teachers, in claiming that Believers are not to be “under the Law,” have commonly interpreted it as meaning that obedience to the commandments of the Torah or Law of Moses is not necessary for Messiah followers. While it is very true that Believers are not hupo nomon […]

Romans

Epistle of Paul to the Romans

24 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 27 NOVEMBER, 2016 reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic Approximate date: 56-58 C.E. Time period: transition of Paul’s ministry work from the Eastern to Western Mediterranean Author: the Apostle Paul with Tertius (secretary) Location of author: Corinth/Achaia or Cenchrea Target audience and their location: Jewish and non-Jewish Believers in Rome Theological Summary: All ancient authorities are agreed that the Apostle Paul wrote the Epistle to the Romans, as there were no disputes in early Christian history made about the authorship of this letter. The affirmation of genuine Pauline authorship continues until today, even […]

Biblical Studies & Scriptural Reliability

Getting Beyond Strong’s Concordance

23 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 01 November, 2004 reproduced from Confronting Critical Issues I have been the editor of TNN Online since 1997 (now Messianic Apologetics). Certainly, in this period of time, my understanding of the Bible has changed, and my ability to better understand it from a scholarly perspective has developed, and continues to move forward. I have to admit that when I first started digging into some of the issues that were floating around the Messianic community in the late 1990s, that my knowledge of the Bible was limited to what I read solely in the King James Version and Complete […]

Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy 6:25

23 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 1

POSTED 13 AUGUST, 2008 I heard a Messianic teacher say that if I keep the Torah perfectly not only will I be able to be saved, I will also be able to never get sick or die of diseases like cancer. Can you help clarify this for me? In Deuteronomy 6:24-25, one finds a statement of commitment made on the part of the Ancient Israelites. They declare before God, “So the LORD commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God for our good always and for our survival, as it is today. It will be […]

Apostasy

Denying Messiah

23 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 2

UPDATED 31 AUGUST, 2011 Why do you think there are people in the Messianic movement today, who are denying Yeshua as the Messiah? It needs to be remembered that denial of the Lord Yeshua (Jesus) has been occurring for centuries, although in today’s Messianic movement, it does often sit a little too close to home because of our small size. There are a variety of reasons why some people in the Messianic movement are denying Yeshua as the Messiah. The first reason is that apostasy from the faith is prophesied to take place in the Last Days (2 Thessalonians 2:1-4).[1] […]

Afterlife

Death, for Believers

23 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

UPDATED 06 MAY, 2008 What do you believe happens when born again Believers die? We believe that the disembodied consciousnesses of Believers who die in the faith are transported to Heaven to be with the Lord. This is fully consistent with what the Apostles write to us in the Messianic Scriptures and the beliefs of First Century Pharisaical Judaism, which largely advocated an intermediate afterlife prior to the resurrection. As Paul wrote in 2 Corinthians 5:8, “we are of good courage, I say, and prefer rather to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord.” […]

Afterlife

Death, as an unconscious sleep

22 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 29 MARCH, 2011 Death is described as a sleep in the Bible. Would this not imply complete unconsciousness until the resurrection? Those who advocate a conscious, disembodied, post-mortem state for the deceased between death and the resurrection, usually have to deal with proponents of psychopannychy, more commonly known as “soul sleep.” Psychopannychists believe that between death and the resurrection, the human person exists in a completely unconscious state. They often claim strong support for this from a variety of Biblical passages that describe the deceased as existing in a condition of “sleep.” These include, but are not limited to: […]

Christology

Daniel 3:25

22 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

POSTED 26 JUNE, 2009 I have heard it said that Yeshua was present with the three men in the fiery furnace. To what degree might this be true? The three Jews: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego were thrown into the fiery furnace for not worshipping the golden statue that King Nebuchadnezzar had erected. So serious was the fire, and so obstinate were they to his demand, that the crematory was heated seven times more than normal (Daniel 3:19). The three faithful Jews were bound so that they could not escape (Daniel 3:21), and as they were thrown in, some of the […]

FAQ

Cult

22 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 1

UPDATED 18 DECEMBER, 2006 I have been told that because I am now pursuing a Messianic walk that I have joined a cult. How do I counter these claims? It is not uncommon for people who enter into the Messianic movement to be accused of joining a “cult.” This is often done by Christian family or friends who do not understand what the Messianic movement and/or Torah observance are about. Rather than investigate the Hebraic Roots of our faith, many decide to accuse those who have done so as being part of a “cult,” when in actuality such a claim […]

Ecclesiology

Are Non-Jewish Believers Really a Part of Israel?

19 May, 2017 J.K. McKee 0

originally posted 05 March, 2013 reproduced from Are Non-Jewish Believers Really a Part of Israel? The Messianic Jewish movement that has grown and been emerging in the late Twentieth and early Twenty-First Centuries has achieved much for the Kingdom of God, which it should be genuinely proud of. It has made a significant, positive contribution in the lives of many Jewish men and women who have come to saving faith in the Messiah of Israel, giving them a place where they do not have to assimilate and give up their Jewishness. Perhaps an unforeseen side-effect is that it has also made […]

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