Hebrews 10:11-14 – Yeshua Has Sat Down in Heaven

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POSTED 11 FEBRUARY, 2018

reproduced from Salvation on the Line, Volume II

“Every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins; but He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD [Psalm 110:1], waiting from that time onward UNTIL HIS ENEMIES BE MADE A FOOTSTOOL FOR HIS FEET [Psalm 110:1]. For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified.”

Hebrews 10:11 says that “Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices” (NIV), speaking of the fact that the work the Levitical, human priests perform, cannot bring final redemption.[1] This goes back to our author’s previous words in Hebrews 10:2,[2] because if the animal sacrifices of the Torah could provide a permanent covering, they would only have had to be offered a single time, and then never again. Yet, Yeshua is attested in Hebrews 10:12a to have “offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins” (RSV). Concurrent with this, our author once again quotes from the venerable Psalm 110:1, indicating that Yeshua has sat down at His Father’s right hand, and is presently waiting to return to Earth to defeat His enemies (Hebrews 10:12b-13). Bruce fairly summarizes, “Christ…by his self-oblation has accomplished once for all what generations of Levitical sacrifices had never done…The sacrifice of Christ has purified his people from the moral defilement of sin and assured them of permanent maintenance in a right relationship with God.”[3]

Yeshua’s single sacrifice has brought a permanent perfection to His own, which the sacrifices offered over and over again by the Levitical priesthood could not bring. This perfection is a permanent action, seen in the perfect verb teteleiōken, whereas being made holy or sanctified is a continual action performed upon Believers by the Spirit, seen in the present passive participle hagiazomenous. The ESV captures the verb tenses a little better: “by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified” (Hebrews 10:14). Ellingworth also might clarify for you what the “perfection” brought actually concerns: “[teleioō] implies the fulfillment of the…goal, namely an access to God which was formerly open only to the high priest.”[4] Our author, somewhat repeating what he has stated earlier (Hebrews 8:8-12), will then once again assert how Yeshua’s work has inaugurated the New Covenant (Hebrews 10:15-17).


NOTES

[1] This entry has been adapted from the author’s commentary Hebrews for the Practical Messianic.

[2] “Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have had consciousness of sins?” (Hebrews 10:2).

[3] Bruce, Hebrews, pp 246, 247.

[4] Ellingworth, 511.