Mark 11:15-19; Matthew 21:12-16; Luke 19:45-48 – Yeshua is Praised as the Son of David

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POSTED 04 NOVEMBER, 2017

Then they came to Jerusalem. And He entered the temple and began to drive out those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling doves; and He would not permit anyone to carry merchandise through the temple. And He began to teach and say to them, ‘Is it not written, “MY HOUSE SHALL BE CALLED A HOUSE OF PRAYER FOR ALL THE NATIONS”? But you have made it a ROBBERS’ DEN [Isaiah 56:7; Jeremiah 7:11].’ The chief priests and the scribes heard this, and began seeking how to destroy Him; for they were afraid of Him, for the whole crowd was astonished at His teaching. When evening came, they would go out of the city” (Mark 11:15-19).

“And Yeshua entered the temple and drove out all those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling doves. And He said to them, ‘It is written, “MY HOUSE SHALL BE CALLED A HOUSE OF PRAYER”; but you are making it a ROBBERS’ DEN [Isaiah 56:7; Jeremiah 7:11].’ And the blind and the lame came to Him in the temple, and He healed them. But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that He had done, and the children who were shouting in the temple, ‘Hosanna to the Son of David,’ they became indignant and said to Him, ‘Do You hear what these children are saying?’ And Yeshua said to them, ‘Yes; have you never read, “OUT OF THE MOUTH OF INFANTS AND NURSING BABIES YOU HAVE PREPARED PRAISE FOR YOURSELF” [Psalm 8:3, LXX]?” (Matthew 21:12-16).

“Yeshua entered the temple and began to drive out those who were selling, saying to them, ‘It is written, “AND MY HOUSE SHALL BE A HOUSE OF PRAYER,” but you have made it a ROBBERS’ DEN” [Isaiah 56:7; Jeremiah 7:11].’ And He was teaching daily in the temple; but the chief priests and the scribes and the leading men among the people were trying to destroy Him, and they could not find anything that they might do, for all the people were hanging on to every word He said”(Luke 19:45-48).

reproduced from Salvation on the Line, Volume I

Yeshua’s action of overturning the tables, of the moneychangers in the Temple complex, was something which was intended to directly confront the swindling and shortchanging which were taking place, to those worshipers who were legitimately seeking God at the Temple. As a prophet of Ancient Israel would have declared on behalf of the God of Israel,

“Even those I will bring to My holy mountain and make them joyful in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be acceptable on My altar; for My house will be called a house of prayer for all the peoples” (Isaiah 56:7).

“‘Has this house, which is called by My name, become a den of robbers in your sight? Behold, I, even I, have seen it,’ declares the LORD” (Jeremiah 7:11).

The dialogue of all three Synoptics, where Tanach quotations of Isaiah 56:7 and Jeremiah 7:11 appear, all have Yeshua stating “Is is not written…?” (Mark 12:17) or “It is written” (Matthew 21:13; Luke 19:45). Yeshua acts like a significant, radical reforming figure, who intends to confront the corruption directly. In the dialogue, it is true that Yeshua could have quoted Isaiah 56:7 and Jeremiah 7:11 without the preface of “Is it not written” or “It is written,” and He would then be seen as being integrated into the Divine Identity, with the Temple complex here regarded as His House. Instead, the emphasis made is that with Yeshua’s presence in casting out the moneychangers and other merchants, He was a threat. It is observed how plots were being devised against Him resultant of this incident (Mark 12:18; Luke 19:47). All readers can agree that Yeshua the Messiah was a figure who challenged the establishment.

Matthew’s record interjects an important factor regarding the identity of Yeshua. It states, “But when the chief Kohanim and the Sofrim saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children who were crying in the temple and saying, ‘Hoshia`na to the son of David!’ they were indignant” (Matthew 21:15, HNV). All the terminology hōsanna tō huiō David, hosha’na l’ben-David (Delitzsch) basically means is, “Deliver us!” (CJB). BDAG summarizes the Greek transliteration hōsanna with, “Aram. [hosha’ na]=Hebr. [hoshia’ na] (Hebr. Ps 118:25)…indecl. a shout of praise, hosanna (lit.=‘help’ or ‘save, I pray’, an appeal that became a liturgical formula; as a part of the Hallel [Ps 113-18 Hebr.] it was familiar to everyone in Israel.”[1] Yeshua is definitely being identified as an important Messianic figure, with many declaring this.

The religious leaders present ask Yeshua, “Do you hear what these are saying?” (Matthew 21:16a, ESV). Yeshua responds in the affirmative, and makes a distinct quotation from the Tanach, detailing what has been taking place: “Yes; have you never read, ‘Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babies you have prepared praise’?” (Matthew 21:16b, ESV). It is to be recognized that the Tanach passage He quoted is Psalm 8:3(2), quoted in the source text from the Septuagint:[2]

“From the mouth of infants and nursing babes You have established strength [m’pi ‘ol’lim v’yonqim yissad’ta ‘oz] because of Your adversaries, to make the enemy and the revengeful cease” (Psalm 8:2).

“Out of mouths of infants and nurslings you furnished praise for yourself [ek stomatos nēpiōn kai thēlazontōn katērtisō ainon heneka], for the sake of your enemies, to put down enemy and avenger” (Psalm 8:3, NETS).

The point made in Yeshua’s quotation of Psalm 8:3, to the religious leaders, is that the veneration to be directed to the LORD or YHWH—“O LORD, our Lord, How majestic is Your name in all the earth, who have displayed Your splendor above the heavens!” (Psalm 8:1)—is the veneration which is directed toward Yeshua the Messiah. Carson notes, “The children’s ‘Hosannas’ are not being directed to God but to the Son of David, the Messiah. Jesus is therefore not only acknowledging his messiahship but justifying the praise of the children by applying to himself a passage of Scripture applicable only to God.”[3] Indeed, the application of the praise offered to the LORD or YHWH in Psalm 8:3(2), could not be offered to Yeshua the Messiah, unless He were legitimately integrated into the Divine Identity. Yeshua regards Himself as being more than just a significant reforming figure or prophet.


NOTES

[1] BDAG, 1106.

[2] Erwin Nestle and Kurt Aland, eds., Novum Testamentum Graece, Nestle-Aland 27th Edition (New York: American Bible Society, 1993), 59; Kurt Aland, et. al., The Greek New Testament, Fourth Revised Edition (Stuttgart: Deutche Bibelgesellschaft/United Bible Societies, 1998), 80; Barbara and Kurt Aland, Johannes Karavidopoulos, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M. Metzger, eds., Novum Testamentum Graece, 28th Revised Edition (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart, 2012), 68.

[3] Carson, in EXP, 8:443.


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