Composition of the Epistle of Jude


Approximate date: 50s or 60s C.E.; or 80s C.E.

Time period: intense season of instability and uncertainness

Author: Jude, the brother of James and half-brother of Yeshua

Location of author: Judea (early composition); Diaspora (later composition)

Target audience and their location: Jewish and non-Jewish Believers in the Mediterranean basin

Theological Summary: The Epistle of Jude, due to the uniqueness of its approach and message, can be one of the most controversial texts in the Apostolic Scriptures. The author identifies himself as “a bond-servant of Yeshua the Messiah, and brother of James” (v. 1). He does not claim to be an apostle, but rather a brother of James, connecting this letter to the authority of James. If indeed true, this would have to make the author a younger half-brother of Yeshua’s (cf. Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3), the one listed as “Judas.” The name Judah (Heb. Yehudah; Grk. Ioudas) appears in a variety of derivative forms in our English Bibles, including Judas and Jude. Many conservatives accept genuine authorship of this letter from Jude the brother of James. Liberals tend to consider the Epistle of Jude a pseudonymous work in some way attributed to Jude the brother of James.

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reproduced from A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic

As a Messianic Believer, do you have a problem reading the New Testament? When you read the Apostolic Scriptures, are you confused when you encounter the Gospels, Acts, or Epistles? Have you possibly been taught that the “New Testament” replaces the “Old Testament,” and that there are contradictions between the two, only to be reconciled by the coming of Yeshua? Do you have difficulty reconciling the words of the Torah to Yeshua, Peter, Paul, John, and the other Apostles?

If you have ever asked any of these questions, it is time that you receive a re-introduction to the Apostolic Scriptures. These texts record the ministry and teachings of Yeshua the Messiah, the history of the First Century Messianic community, and the challenges that the early Believers in Yeshua faced. These texts are not contrary to the Torah, but do continue God’s progressive story that begins in Genesis. They have valuable lessons that every Messianic Believer and Messianic congregation must learn in this hour, as the Messianic community grows and matures.

A Survey of the Apostolic Scriptures for the Practical Messianic takes you on a journey through the New Testament from a distinct Messianic point of view. The student, in company with his or her study Bible, is asked to read through each text of the Apostolic Scriptures, jotting down characters, place names, key ideas, and reflective questions. Each book of the New Testament is then summarized for its compositional data and asks you questions to get a good Messianic feel for the text. This workbook can be used for both personal and group study, and will be a valuable aid for any Messianic Believer wanting to study the whole Bible on a consistent basis.

220 pages