Law of Moses, Binding on Christians

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UPDATED 07 JULY, 2011

Do you believe that the Torah or Law of Moses is binding on Christians?

Any Messianic ministry is likely to have a more positive view of the Torah or Law of Moses, than is commonly witnessed in today’s contemporary Christianity. Like much of the Messianic community, Outreach Israel and Messianic Apologetics fully believe that Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ) did not come to abolish the Torah, and that He directed His followers to treat it as valid instruction (Matthew 5:17-19).[1] While one will encounter language within various parts of the Messianic movement of Believers being “bound to keep Torah,” we find this to often be laced with a tenor of legalism—as though the Messiah has ordered His followers to keep some kind of dictates.

We do not prefer to say that the Torah is “binding” on any Believers—non-Jewish or even Jewish—for the simple fact that our Messiah says, “My yoke is easy and My burden is light” (Matthew 11:30). Obeying the Father’s Instruction is to bring freedom and liberation to one’s life, as one can experience His blessings, and stay away from harmful influences. The Torah is not to be kept rigidly as some form of rules and regulations, designed to bring God’s people into bondage.

Within evangelical Christianity, there is the notion that in order to live a proper life in accordance with the Bible, faithful Believers need to do what Jesus did. This is perhaps best represented today with the popular slogan: “What Would Jesus Do?” We could not agree more. But, if we are to follow the example of our Messiah, we should live as He did. Today’s Church has lost much of its moral and ethical direction because of downplaying the role of the Torah or Law of Moses, at least in one’s Bible reading and understanding of the Scriptural message. Today’s emerging Messianic movement has a great job to do, in redirecting the attention of concerned Believers back to the faith of Yeshua and His Apostles, in a way that brings greater richness, spirituality, and holiness in appreciation toward God’s commandments.

Yeshua lived as a Jewish Rabbi in First Century Israel, and obeyed the Torah. While this surely includes much of the moral and ethical instruction of the Law, that godly Christians throughout the centuries have always followed and appreciated—Yeshua also followed things that much of Christianity has deemed “unnecessary” for the post-resurrection era. These include things such as the seventh-day Sabbath, the appointed times of Leviticus 23, and the kosher dietary laws—which Messianics do not believe have been “done away.” We affirm that by remembering these things in one’s daily walk, that Messiah followers can better appreciate the Father’s redemptive plan for the ages, and have a greater degree of holiness present in their lives (i.e., 1 Peter 1:16; Leviticus 11:44ff).

If you were to pinpoint a Messianic ministry like Outreach Israel and Messianic Apologetics and say, “Do you believe that the Law of Moses is applicable today?”, we would say yes. But asking if the Law is “binding upon Christians,” may imply that obeying our Heavenly Father is a “burden,” and is intended to be legalistic bondage and a life of little joy. This is not what the Lord wants. Obedience to God must come from the heart, and our motivation must come forth via the work of the Holy Spirit inside of us, rather than a work of the flesh or some kind of Law-keeping for salvation. The Holy Spirit, poured out upon every human being who has sought the Creator God via His Son (Joel 2:28; Acts 2:17), is to supernaturally compel the redeemed to walk in obedience to His Instruction (Romans 8:4).

Obedience to God’s Torah should never come because one is trying to earn his or her salvation out of works (Ephesians 2:8-9), but rather be manifested by saved people as they walk in good works (Ephesians 2:10). We should all want to live as our Messiah Yeshua lived, demonstrating obedience as a result of an inward transformation that has taken place. Do note that the greatest commands in the Torah are to love God and love others (Deuteronomy 6:5; Leviticus 19:18; cf. Matthew 19:19; 22:39; Mark 12:31; Luke 10:27; Romans 13:9; Galatians 5:14; James 2:8.), and the essence of the New Covenant includes not only a permanent forgiveness available for the redeemed but also the supernatural transcription of the Law onto the hearts and minds of God’s people (Jeremiah 31:31-34; Ezekiel 36:25-27; cf. Hebrews 8:8-12; 10:16-17).[2]

Our ministry has a wide number of publications and articles available on the Messianic lifestyle, which should aid you if the concept of “Torah observance” is rather new. Of particular interest should be the books Hebraic Roots: An Introductory Study, Introduction to Things Messianic, The New Testament Validates Torah, and Torah In the Balance, Volume I. The Messianic Helper series by Messianic Apologetics is also extremely useful.


NOTES

[1] Consult the editor’s exegesis paper on Matthew 5:17-19, “Has the Law Been Fulfilled?

[2] Be aware that there are various Messianic Jewish groups, who while being quite favorable to all Believers keeping the Torah, will use language along the lines of “We have freedom in Messiah to keep the Law…” This is most likely based on a misreading of the errant Corinthian slogan of “Everything is permissible for me” (1 Corinthians 6:12, NIV), which Paul refuted in his letter. A more worthwhile approach would be for such ministries to instead emphasize sanctification manifested in good works.

For a further examination, consult the FAQ entries on the Messianic Apologetics website for 1 Corinthians 6:12 and 1 Corinthians 10:23, as well as the editor’s article “The Message of 1 Corinthians.”

3 Comments

  1. Many , many christians have loved God, sacrificed,been used to bring the gospel to the world such as Billy Graham.
    God has truly blessed the church and it has followed with much effect for the KIngdom of God.
    THey have not kept the Sabbath..and do not..but worship on Sunday
    It seems that God is pleased with them..
    Is this church body going tostand before God to be judged as sinners..”go away I never knew you”?

    • Our website has many articles that, we would hope, properly recognize the good that evangelical Protestantism has done, and the legitimate contributions it has made. Today’s Messianic movement would not be here without the positive legacy that Protestantism has made.

      Only God knows the heart intent of any human person. Only God knows who will enter into God’s Kingdom.

      At the same time, evangelical Christianity is in its twilight years. And, the rise and acceptance of sins such as homosexuality by purporting evangelicals–is doubtlessly due to the prophesied rise of lawlessness.

      • I agree with your answer. Christianity has brought much good to the world. A better understanding of what Yeshua (Jesus) really came to do and what our faith should look like today only will come from understanding Yeshua (Jesus) as a Messianic Jew. He was born and studied under a Jewish Law and lifestyle. The law is not meant to be a burden, the teachers of Yeshuas time were scorned for turning Gods guidelines into burdens. Our ways must be Gods ways or we will fall short of the mark. Law is a poor description of the Torah. It should be called “a guide book to Godly living.” Instead of understanding the freedom the guide book gives, people are afraid OR prefer to live by “man determined laws”. We see the decay in the world, the lawlessness of man, because we do not understand this basic truth and try to create laws to govern people that will not work. Only Gods “laws” are fair and just for all. Many times Yeshua (Jesus) pointed out the importance of “following His laws, following His commandments.” He would not have put so much emphasis on His laws if they were all to be done away with.

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